Gr. 00491, Quinn-Issla Rochester
Thursday, November 20, 2014
1. Contrast the two types of LT memory by describing how they work. Declarative memory involves memories for facts or events (scenes, stories, words, conversations, faces, daily events). We are aware of and can recall, or retrieve, these kinds of memories. This type of LT memory is divided into 2 more categories: semantic memory and episodic memory. The first one involves the knowledge of facts, concepts, words, definitions and language rules. It’s the one that is mostly used for school learnings. The second one involves knowledge of specific events, personal experiences or activities (naming/describing a place you love, movies, songs, etc.). Procedural/Nondeclarative memory involves memories for motor skills (playing sports), some cognitive skills (learning to read for example), and emotional behaviours learned through classical conditioning (fears). We cannot recall or retrieve procedural memories, which is one of the big difference between the 2 types of long-term memory. These things become automatic. We have neither awareness of nor ability to recall the memories of how we learned these things.
2. Name two things you learned on module 11 that will help you be a more effective student & describe them. We learned that every time we learn new material in class, we make our semantic information work so we can remember the information for the exam. There are many ways to encode information more efficiently. For example, by using maintenance rehearsal, which refers to simply repeat over and over again the class material, or even using elaborative rehearsal, which is to make a link between the new information that we have to memorize with the one we already have in our long-term memory.
3. Name one argument against & one in favour for repressed memories in sexual abuse. Against: