9 year old Jean Baptiste carrying sacks of cocoa pods (approximately 30 kg) on plantation.He doesn't attend school; work begins at 8 am and involves cutting cocoa fruit off the trees and removing the beans. The family has no other viable source of income.
Noel is a buyer of cocoa beans from plantations. Here he is complaining about working conditions and low pay. slave-based businesses because this is an economic crime. People do not enslave people to be mean to them. They do it to make a profit.
And I want to be very clear. I'm talking about real slavery. This is about people who can not walk away, people who are forced to work without pay, people who are operating 24/7 under a threat of violence and have no pay. It's real slavery in exactly the same way that slavery would be recognized throughout all of human history.
Now, where is it? But in fact that kind of bluey color are the countries where we can't find any cases of slavery. And you might notice that it's only Iceland and Greenland where we can't find any cases of enslavement around the world.
Now, how did we get to a situation like this, where we have 27 million people in slavery in the year 2010? That's double the number that came out of Africa in the entire transatlantic slave trade. Well, it builds up with these factors. One we all know about, the population explosion: the world goes from two billion people to almost seven billion people in the last 50 years. Being numerous does not make you a slave. Add in the increased vulnerability of very large numbers of people in the developing world, caused by civil wars, ethnic conflicts, disease ... like 阿富汗 iraq a few years ago, and push enormous parts ... about a billion people in the world, in fact, as we know, live on the edge, live in situations where they don't have any opportunity . But that doesn't make people a slave either. What it takes to turn a person who is in poverty and vulnerable into a slave, is the absence of the rule of law. if corruption creeps in and people don't have the opportunity to have that protection of the rule of law, then if you can use violence, if you can use violence without punishment, you can get millions people into slavery.
Well, amazingly, in places like India where costs are very low, that family, that three-generation family that you see there who were in hereditary slavery -- so, that granddad there, was born a baby into slavery
She said, "No, because we've got hope