Psychology is a scientific study that is just as varied and complex as the human mind. Carl Ransom Rogers was a boy with a curiosity for science into a man who wished to look deeper into the human spirit with the science of the mind. Transpersonal Psychology was his selected field, a type of psychology that deals with observing spirituality to pursue optimal mental health and self-transcendence (Davis). Carl Rogers did not originate the concept of transpersonal psychology, but he pioneered it and made it the ultimate accomplishment of his professional life. When we look back into the history of Carl Rogers we see that psychology was not always his passion. Born in Oak Park, Illinois in the winter of 1902, Rogers pursued academic interests and kept to himself. In 1914, when Rogers was twelve years old, his family moved to a farm where he developed a love for science and studying nature. This love of the living world sent him to the University of Wisconsin to seek out a degree in agriculture. Growing up in a fundamentalist Protestant home lead Rogers to a youth ministry trip in China, Japan and Korea during his junior year, where he experienced personal growth and a change in beliefs (Sofia University ). Seeing the impact of divergent religious beliefs and the stigmas generated by WWI caused Rogers to separate himself from his parents’ doctrine in pursuit of a different truth. When he returned home from his undergraduate studies he married Helen Elliot on August 28, 1924 (Rogers). Carl Rogers did study to become a minister for some time before deciding it wasn’t the right long term decision. It was then that he turned to a degree in clinical psychology. During an internship at Columbia University, Rogers was exposed to Freudian practices, which was a stark contrast to his clinical training. Seeing these different pieces of the psychology puzzle is what sparked an interest in Rogers to find his own path toward humanistic psychology, the missing piece. After the birth of his son, David Elliot Rogers, Carl Rogers received his MA from Columbia University and began working at the Rochester Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, or the RSPCC. That same year his second child, Natalie Rogers was born. It was during his early studies at the children’s center when he discovered that clinician directed treatment which was widely in use at the time, was ineffective. This observation became the topic of his first book, written in 1939 entitled The Clinical Treatment of the Problem Child (Rogers). He was soon appointed director of the Child Study Department and went on to accept a full professorship from Ohio University. Rogers published another book called Counseling and Psychotherapy and subsequently went to work at the University of Chicago in his own clinic, where he could focus on counseling theories that he had developed in his years of practice. These theories had evolved into client-centered therapy, a concept in which the person seeking treatment chooses their own path toward healing. Carl Rogers’ style of psychotherapeutic treatment highlights personal choice and involvement in personal interests and goals. Being a professor as well as a therapist, Rogers put the same emphasis on learning and doing what you love in his station as an educator. He believed that rigid institutionalized learning was casting a dark shadow over the more creative side of education. This may have been what led him to leave his position as a professor in 1963, to work at the Western Behavioral Science Institute. He took part in founding the Center for Studies of the Person in 1968; the center highlighted the importance of personal growth, democracy, community and individual discovery of self. Even though Rogers went on to travel around the world and setup other transpersonal communities, he was always actively involved with the Center he helped to found in 1968. Carl Rogers established different groups and published books…
Psychology – Outcome
Part A: Fields of Psychology – Social Psychologist.
Social Psychology, sometimes known as sociology, is the study of how people’s thoughts, feelings and behaviours change under the influence different social environments and other people. Social Psychologists explain behaviour as a result of different social situations or mental states. For example, a social psychologist may study how people behave in a way that seems socially acceptable and how actions are expected of us…
I. Formal definition
A. Behavior (overt vs. covert)
II. History of Psychology
A. Ebbinghaus said "Psychology has a long past but only a short
history" What does this mean?
Be able to recognize examples of the long past
B. The short history
1. Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) -- The father of psychology
a. 1st experimental psychological laboratory in 1876
b. Observed and carefully measured various…
Client Centered vs. Person Centered
Rogers’ approach to therapy
in which the client (not the patient)
is assumed to be
responsible for changing
his or her personality.
Client Centered vs. Person Centered
Referred to the
Theory of Personality.
Two Basic Assumptions
The tendency of all matter
to evolve from simpler
to more complex forms…
and also talk about their strengths and weaknesses.
Behaviourists believe that humans act the way they are because of what they have learnt due to an experience.
The Behaviourist perspective argues that in order for psychology to be scientific they should focus on behaviour which is observable behaviour which is measurable objectively rather than cognitive process which can only be inferred. There are two learning theories which psychologist has discovered “classical…
Perspectives in Psychology
The early years of psychology were marked by the domination of a succession of different schools of thought. If you have ever taken a psychology course in school, you probably remember learning about these different schools which included structuralism, functionalism, psychoanalysis, behaviorism, and humanism. As psychology has grown, so has the number and variety of topics that psychologists investigate. Since the early 1960s, the field of psychology has flourished at…
Strategic Management 4199
Mid-Term Case Study
Rogers’ Chocolates Case Analysis
Analysis of the Financial Performance of Rogers’ Chocolates with supported conclusions
In a review of Rogers’ Chocolates financials (see Appendix A) it is apparent that they have improved from 2005 to 2006. The possibility for them to double or triple its size within 10 years looks promising. Their liquidity ratios taken from the figures on the balance sheet show that their current ratio in 2006 was 1.37…
Oct 7, 2014
1 Psychology Notes New Unit
What is Psychology?
Psychology is the study of the human mind and its mental states
It includes the study of characteristics of temperament and behaviour of a person or group.
Psychologists aim to describe, predict, and control behavior and mental processes
They study individuals and groups
Schools of Thought in Psychology
Exploring the Different Perspectives
Four schools of Thought:
1. Humanist Psychologists
2. Cognitive Psychology
Introduction to Psychology Worksheet
July 8, 2014
Introduction to Psychology Worksheet
Part I: Origins of Psychology
The Positive Psychology Perspective is an approach in psychology that focuses on the growth and potential of humans. One of the main theorists in Positive psychology is Martin E. P. Seligman. He began by the study of dogs and then progressed onto humans. He focused on what he called “learned optimism” and by doing so he was able to…
Carl Rogers (1902-1987) was ‘the most influential psychologist in American history’ (Kirshenbaum, 1989:11). Since the study of personality began, personality theorists have offered a wide assortment of explanations about behaviour and about what constructs a person. Carl Rogers was the main originator of the ‘person centred’ approach, also referred to as the ‘nondirective’ or ‘client centred’ approach. This essay will offer a brief description about some of the main concepts in Carl Rogers’ person…