Essay about Psychology and People Vocabulary Study

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Psychology H - Midterm PEOPLE Vocabulary
Study online at quizlet.com/_kheea
1.

Aristotle: Greek philosopher who took the side of "nurture", believed we are "blank slates" at birth, tabula rasa

2.

John Locke: agreed with Aristotle that we come into this world knowing nothing, that we learn from other people, experiences, and other outside influences

3.

Charles Darwin: naturalist, published a book in 1879, had an evolutionary perspective of psychology

4.

Wilhelm Wundt: "father of modern psychology", lived in German, introspection, apperception reaction

5.

Sigmund Freud: neurologist, founded psychoanalysis,

6.

Ivan Pavlov: Russian physiologist, studied classical conditioning

7.

Jean Piaget: created a 4 stage theory of cognitive development, studied child learning

8.

William James: studied functionalism, wrote a book of psychology in 1890

9.

John Watson: studied behaviorism, "Little Albert" experiment, classical conditioning

10.

Franz Gall: invented phrenology, claimed bumps on the skull could reveal our mental abilities and our character traits

11.

Phineas Gage: railroad worker who survived a severe brain injury that dramatically changed his personality and behavior

12.

Paul Broca: discovered area in the brain in the left frontal lobe responsible for language production

13.

Karl Wernicke: discovered the area in the temporal lobe involved in speech comprehension.

14.

Thomas Bouchard: he studied twins raised in different families and attributed a lot to genetic influence, believed people are 70% nature
30% nurture…