I picked to talk about classical conditioning because it is very interesting to me. I have learned about it but i think i would like to know a lot more about it. Classical conditioning is used in everyday life. Classical conditioning is park of Psychology in many ways. A Russian physiologist discovered on accident classical condition. His name was Ivan Pavlov. He would ring the bell and make the dog come to him, when he rang the bell he would also feed the dog. He did this over and over again till the dog recognized he would be fed. After time the dog would start to salivating. He would start to just ring the bell and the dog would start to salivate. For example, when a dog does a trick you would pet him and say good job and give him a treat. The dog would get use to him getting a treat after everytime he did a trick so he is conditioned to classical conditioning.
This has a huge part in psychology. Classical conditioning has a huge part in psychology. There are many different parts to classical conditioning. One is unconditioned stimulus, unconditioned response, conditional stimulus, and conditional response. Next part of this is, types of classical conditioning. Another is fear conditioning. The last part of classical conditioning is, classical conditioning and physiological response. All of this have a part in classical conditioning, you have to have all this to fully understand classical conditioning stages.
“The unconditioned stimulus is the original, unlearned stimulus that elicits a certain reflex action, known as an unconditioned response” (book). Here we can see, that food is unconditioned stimulus that the dogs expect to eat. And unconditioned response is salivation. “When a conditioned stimulus an event that is repeatedly paired with the unconditioned stimulus - is introduced, it will eventually trigger a learned reaction even without the unconditioned stimulus. This is known as a conditioned response.” (book). Pavlov taught to try whenever the dogs hear a sound of a ringing bell that dogs expect a food.
Types of Classical Conditioning
“In delayed conditioning, the conditioned stimulus is presented before the unconditioned stimulus, and the termination of the conditioned stimulus is delayed until the unconditioned stimulus is made available” (book). One example, until the dogs didn’t see a food in front of them, Pavlov was ringing his bell.
“Trace conditioning, the conditioned stimulus is discontinued before the unconditioned stimulus is presented” (book). Pavlov rang the bell once and he made an interval with no stimuli and bring the food. He concluded that much better can be if conditioned stimulus and unconditioned stimulus occur a couple seconds of each other in order.
“Simultaneous conditioning, the conditioned stimulus and unconditioned stimulus are presented at the same time” (book). He thought that this method is ineffective because when the dogs hear a sound of bell and food appeared immediately they didn’t respond to conditioning.
“Backward conditioning, the conditioned stimulus is presented after the unconditioned stimulus, signaling the end of the food” (book). This method is not really often, but it helps…