Throughout all of the topics we have discussed in psychology class, we have learned many ideas and concepts which explain behavior in various ways. A great amount of the knowledge I have attained in the class can be related to real life scenarios that I may run into later on in life. Some of the forms of psychology that interact with real life situations are physical development, challenges adolescents face, defense mechanisms, and social development. Although these are only a few of the many interactions I could encounter in my life, I feel as if they are most important. Child development which is important to a child’s life involves both physical and social development. Children can go through various social changes in their years as infants and toddlers. For example, infants develop attachment, which also is known as emotional ties between people. This is important to realize because babies need a lot of attention and they need to be focused on and they need to be a priority. A real life situation that could occur would be my child becoming attached to me and they could try to maintain contact with me. One thing they may do when I as the mother leaves, is cry or complain or throw temper tantrums. This is the basic definition of separation anxiety. This is when the infant will cry or behave in other ways that indicate distress if their mothers leave them. Although it may be unfortunate to witness, it is part of an infant’s development over the course of time. In addition, another thing my child could develop is stranger anxiety in a specific situation. Stranger anxiety is when a child cries and tries to reach if there are strangers in a similar or round about area. In this case, the child usually clings or bonds to whom they are attached to. Another real life circumstance that my child could use is contact comfort in which they need to touch and be touched by something soft such as skin. The soft feeling of skin makes the child feel more comfortable and safer. In a well-known series of experiments conducted between 1957 and 1963 Harlow removed baby monkeys from their mothers and arranged for them to be "raised" by two kinds of monkey mother machines, both equipped to dispense milk. One device was made out of bare mesh wire, while the other wire was covered with soft terrycloth. He later modified the experiment by separating the infants into two groups, giving them no choice between the two types of mothers. This experiment shows that infants would rather cling to something soft because it reminds them of their mother. During the first six months, I could expect my baby’s brain and body to mature which will eventually lead to crawling and, later on, walking. Also, the infant learns their reflexes, such as grasping. Reflexes are vital to a baby’s survival because reflexes control simple things such as breathing, swallowing and blinking. Without swallowing the baby would not be able to eat and without eating the baby would die due to lack of food. Although physical development is a priority in an infant’s life, I can also expect my child to go through social development. As a child grows up, they will eventually reach their teenage years. During this time period diverse ideas begin to develop. In the adolescent stage they begin to come across obstacles and challenges in their lives. One common challenge my teenager could face when they reach this age is substance abuse. Substance abuse is not only scary but it is serious and could lead to severe and dangerous outcomes. The main
OBJECT RELATIONS THEORIES AND SELF PSYCHOLOGY
Object Relations and Self Psychology
Object relations refers to interpersonal relations
2. Object refers to that which will satisfy a need. Significant person or thing that is target of another's feelings (drives).
3. In combination with relations, object refers to interpersonal relations and suggests inner residues of past relations shaping present relations
4. Object relations theorists investigate the early formulation and differentiation…
Nature of Psychology Check List
Can you define the difference between behaviour and mental processes?
Can you list three differences between psychology and psychiatry?
Can you name and briefly describe five areas of specialism in psychology? (e.g. clinical psychology)
What is Psychology?
Explain behaviourism and who was the founder of this theory??
Can you Explain how psychology rooted…
How likely an experimental design is to produce the same results if used again in the same circumstances.
Validity: The extent to which a psychological technique really assesses what it intends to measure.
Variable: Anything that varies. In a psychology experiment any measure of performance or behaviour taken in a study is referred to as a variable.Independent variable (iv): Manipulated by a psychologist.Dependent variable (dv): Measured by a psychologist
attachment – a two-way emotional bond…
that this was the most vital period in a child’s life. An infant depends solely on their parents and their caregiving plays a significant role in this developmental stage (Cherry). “By developing a sense of trust, the infant can have hope that as new crises arise, there is a real possibility that other people will be there are a source of support,” (McLeod, 2013). Parents are mainly responsible for the development at this stage of their child’s life. It is important for parents to be attentive to…
describe Analytic Psychology
C. G. Jung Analytical Psychology Club London. "Who looks outside, dreams, who looks inside, awakens," The term 'psychoanalyst' is currently used to cover all those facts and theories presented in the works of Freud, Jung, and Adler. However it is often recommended that it should be applied only to the theory and practice of Freud and his disciples, and that the theory and practice of Jung should be designated 'Analytical Psychology', and that the…
Chapter 5 – Perceptual Development
Perceptual development is an aspect of cognitive development that allows a young human being to start interpreting and understanding sensory input. (Bee 116) For instance, as infant grows, they begin to be able to support their heads so that their eyes can scan their environment. In order to understand the perceptual development, there are two arguments that are made which are Empiricism and Nativism (Bee 117). According to empiricist beliefs, the naive child does…
Psychoanalysis. Both these areas cover so much material and have had so much comment and critique that it has been a real challenge for me to keep to a restrained response; without further delay I will launch straight into the task.
Behaviourism is a school of thought founded by Psychologist John B Watson in 1913 after his seminal lecture and the publication of his critical paper ‘Psychology as the Behaviourist Views It’. This was a purely objective experimental branch of natural sciences.
ECE Master’s Program
Date of Submission:
August 10, 2014
Assignment Due Date:
August 10, 2014
ED5405 Infant and Child Development
Please Complete the Checklist for Each Assignment by putting an X in each box
I have included/completed:
No (explain why)
This cover page
Headings organized in relation to rubric/assignment…
Asch: Aims and Context
Asch aimed to investigate the effects of group pressure on individuals in an unambiguous situation. He wanted to find out if, when confronted with an obviously incorrect answer, individuals would give an answer that affirmed the error (i.e. conformed) despite being obviously incorrect or would they give an independent response.
Normative social influence: the influence of other people that leads us to conform in order to be liked and accepted by them