Essay about Pueblo Revolt

Submitted By adark749
Words: 594
Pages: 3

The Pueblo revolt started in 1680 and was also known as Pope’s Rebellion, when Pueblo rebelled against the Spanish in the southwest America (Countryman 2009). The pueblo revolt started after the Spanish people overlook and mistreated the Pueblo’s people. “Spaniards had dominated them, their lives, their land, and their souls for eight decades” (Countryman 2009). Spanish people had sovereignty over the Pueblo’s people. The Spanish rule was relentless during those years and they demanded a lot from the Pueblo Indians. The Spanish priest decided to established mission at Pueblo’s village farms, this later facilitated the spread of Christianity and later the priests demanded the Pueblo to abandon their Hindu culture and start to Christianity. Although the Franciscans originally accepted exhibitions of the old religion and practices as long as the Pueblo Indians attended mass and maintained a public appearance of Catholicism. In the years of 1656-1665 Kachina (dances by the Pueblo Indian) was outlawed and the missionaries were ordered to seize and burn their masks, prayer stick, and effigies (Countryman 2009). These demands did not sit well with the Pueblo natives and they became annoyed with the decisions made by the Spanish priest (Countryman 2009). The Pueblos allowed outsiders to come and settle in their land by accommodating them, these people came from the valleys in the desert (Fenn 2007). Later in 1680 the Pueblos destroyed the Spanish colony in Mexico and later they launched a strong well planned surprise attack. A total of 400 people were killed as a result of the war including women and children. Among those killed were 21 of the 33 Franciscan missionaries in New Mexico (Fenn 2007). After the wars the Spanish territory expanded, they had more of an interest in obtaining the lands natural resources and increase their wealth. The Spanish soldiers and the priest forced the Pueblos in to hard and harsh labor. To the Pueblo people this was like slavery and later lead to the revolt. The Spanish citizens experienced many challenges during the war, many lives were lost, and many homes and buildings were destroyed which lead to property loss and a loss in financial stability. “In desperation, on August 21, New Mexico Governor Antonio de Otermín, barricaded in the Governor’s Palace, sallied outside the palace with all of…