Puritan: King Philip ' s War and Humboldt State University Essay

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SOURCE: Shepard, Hetty. 1997. "Diary of a Puritan Girl." Excerpt from Part Two in America Firsthand:
Readings from Settlement to Reconstruction, 68-72. Robert D. Marcus, David Burner (editors). Volume One.
Fourth Edition. Boston, MA: Bedford Books.

11
Diary of a Puritan Girl
Hetty Shepard
In the decades following the Pequot War, the English colonies had prospered greatly in both
wealth and population. By the middle of the seventeenth century they clearly dominated the
territory they uneasily shared with various Indian tribes. The Puritan ministers continued to
preach the strict religion and prophesied the coming wrath of God on a new generation for its
growing desire for silks and ribbons, merriment and games. Then, in 1675, these ritual
jeremiads turned into a temporary reality. King Philip, sachem of the Wampanoags, hoping to
forestall total subjugation to the English, assembled about half the Indians of New England
against the Puritans and their Indian allies. Alden Vaughan, speaking of both Indians and
Puritans, has written: "A higher percentage of the population suffered death or wounds in King
Philip's War than in any subsequent American conflict."
Hetty Shepard's diary accurately reflects this important transition period for the Puritan,
experiment in New England. She made her first entries at age fifteen while living with her
parents in Rhode Island. Her family then sent her to Boston in 1677 to keep her away from the
war. Her diary offers an engaging picture of the life of a young Puritan woman and reflects the
social, political, and religious strains of this dramatic era. Samuel Checkly who according to her
diary set her heart 'fluttering, " eventually became her husband.

Adeline E. H. Slicer, ed. "A Puritan Maiden's Diary," The New England Magazine 11 (1894-95), pp. 20-25.
Modernized by Elizabeth Marcus.

.. .[TEXT OMITTED]. ..

December 5, 1675 I am fifteen years old today, and while sitting with my stitchery in my
hand, there came a man in all wet with the salt spray. He had just landed by the boat from
Sandwich, which had difficulty landing because of the surf. I myself had been down to the
shore and saw the great waves breaking, and the high tide running up as far as the hillocks of
dead grass. The man, George, an Indian, brings word of much sickness in Boston, and great
trouble with the Quakers and Baptists; that many of the children throughout the country be not
baptized, and without that religion comes to nothing. My mother has bid me this day put on a
fresh kirtle and wimple, though it not be the Lord's day, and my Aunt Alice coming in did
chide me and say that to pay attention to a birthday was putting myself with the world's
people. It happens from this that my kirtle and wimple are no longer pleasing me, and what
with this and the bad news from Boston my birthday has ended in sorrow.
December 25, 1675 My Cousin Jane, visiting today, has told me much of the merry ways of
England on this day, of the yule.log, and plum puddings, until I said that I would be glad to see
those merry doings; but she told me it was far better