Theory of the Great Pyramid’s Construction: The construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza has long been debated. Most theories of the Great Pyramid’s construction include using ramps and pulley mechanisms in order to move such massive stones, but exactly how has remained a mystery. There is a theory on how the Egyptians attained the large workforce needed for the construction of the Great Pyramid. Egyptologists Mark Lehner and Zahi Hawass believe that the Great Pyramid was built by a willing labor force as opposed to the common belief a slave workforce was used. They believe the Great Pyramid had a small crew of skilled laborers working year round. During the times the Nile flooded its surrounding fields, a large local workforce would arrive to help construction for their God-King’s temples (“Who,” 1997). There are differing theories as to how the placement and utilization of the ramps allowed the Egyptians to move blocks of stone weighing as much as 100,000 pounds. One of the theories for the construction of the Great Pyramid was the single ramp theory. This theory was quickly dismissed as the scale of the ramp required would have had to of been more than a mile long; equaling more work than the Great Pyramid itself. Another external ramp theory postulated that a ramp was built along the sides of the pyramid, spiraling along-side the edge of the Great Pyramid. While that would avoid the need for a mile long ramp, this theory also has a problem. That is frequent measures of the corners of the Great Pyramid would need to have been taken in order to ensure the corners met at a point when they reached the top (Brier, 2007). Using cranes to assist is also unlikely, especially towards the top of the Great Pyramid where it thins out, leaving very little workspace. Within recent years there is a new theory that is gaining acceptance amongst Egyptologist, which is Jean-Pierre Houdin’s proposal that the Great Pyramid was built using a system of internal ramps. The theory states that an external ramp was used to build the first third of the Great Pyramid, similar to a scaled down single ramp theory. As the bottom third of the tower was constructed an internal ramp was built into the base of the tower; later the external ramp was dismantled and its stones were used to help finish construction. The heavy stones needed to build the King and Queen’s chambers would not have been able to fit in an internal ramp, suggesting they were completed before the external ramp was dismantled and reused (Brier, 2007). Jean-Pierre Houdin’s theory is more substantial because there is some evidence to corroborate it. There is evidence of the ramps remains still inside of
Running head: THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
THE PYRAMID OF GIZA
THE PYRAMID OF GIZA 1
There are many unknown mysteries in the world today. The mystery that seemed the most interesting is the Pyramids of Giza. They were built between 2547-2524 B.C. The pharaoh Khufu ruled Egypt at that time. It is believed that his brother, Hemienu play huge role in the building…
Great Pyramid is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids at Giza and was made with more than 2 million solid limestone blocks. For example, the article states that “ It was made with more than 2 million solid limestone blocks, each weighing about 5,000 pounds.” This shows that this structure is extremely strong and took decades to build. Another example, the article states is “ The pyramid of Khufu is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids at Giza.” This shows that the Great Pyramid of Giza stands as…
“Wonders of Ancient Giza”
The city of Giza’s rich history and archaeological significance is second to none. Lying on top of the Giza Plateau, sit some of the most discussed, debated, and enchanting relics of our past. The complex known as the “Giza Necropolis” is home to the storied Three Great Pyramids, the Great Sphinx statue and to an ancient adjoining town, containing a cemetery, a worker’s village and an array of obvious industrial developments uncommon for the time period. The term Necropolis…
ancient pyramids were built. Could humans really have built the pyramid of Giza; a pyramid that stands 146 meters tall? Or did the humans have help from unseen creatures- Aliens? I believe that Aliens did help mankind build the ancient wonders of Egypt. There are so many reasons why this theory is correct. Starting with the fact that humans didn’t have enough knowledge by themselves, to build pyramids towering 146 meters in the air. It just doesn’t seem possible. Also, the positions of pyramids say a…
The Egyptian Pyramids are one of the most debated topics in history. There are many theories surrounding the Egyptian Pyramids. The topic that was researched was the mystery of the Egyptian Pyramids. The Egyptian Pyramids are located in Giza which is a city located in Egypt. The pyramids are interesting because there is a sense of mystery in what is found in the pyramids. The pyramids had a ton of exploring just trying to find out what is in the Pyramids. Builders trying to see how it was built to…
Statement: The Great Pyramid is a mystery to the modern age, even though its
purpose; uses, history, and condition have challenged explorers for centuries it will
always be considered one of the greatest wonders of the world.
1. Why was the Great Pyramid built?
A. Who built the Great Pyramid?
B. Why was it built?
C. Comparative theories.
2. What was the Great Pyramid used for?
A. Religious uses.
B. Astronomical uses.
C. Environmental uses.
3. How was the Great Pyramid built?
The ancient pyramids is a site that has inspired perplexed and fascinated people for centuries. From travelers and conquerors of ancient times, to Tourists and archeologists of modern times, the pyramids are a wonder and beacon of ancient man’s achievement. Tombs of early Egyptian kings were bench-shaped mounds called mastabas. Around 2780 B.C., King Djoser's architect, Imhotep, built the first pyramid by placing six mastabas, each smaller than…
Slaves did help build the Great Pyramid at Giza, as shown in evidence from Document B, Document C, and most importantly Document E. First, the definition of slave as used in this essay is a human who is compelled against their will to work for their master, without pay except shelter and food. These slaves were often prisoners of war and were viewed as less than everyone else. First and foremost, Document B has provided important evidence to support this theory. It stated, “ One hundred thousand…
the fall. Cairo, Egypt is a very beautiful place. In Cairo is one of the Seven Wonders of the World the pyramid of Giza There are in fact three main pyramids in Giza; the Great Pyramid of Khufu, The Pyramid of Kafhre and the smaller Pyramid of Menkaura. Each Pyramid is a tomb to a different King of Egypt. In front of the pyramids lies the Sphinx, or Abu al-Hol in Arabic, "Father of Terror". Carved out of a single block of stone, this enormous cat-like sculptor.…
complex of King Zoser (Djoser), Saqqara ca 2500 BCE (Step Pyramid) Imhotep- worshiped like a god.
13 false doors and 1 actual door.
5 Mastabas on top of each other
Old Kingdom-Pyramids at Giza dates vary; the three main people buried Kahfre, Kufu, Menakaure.
Great Pyramid of Kahfre, Giza, ca. 2551-28 BCE (Largest/Oldest tomb)
Pyramid of Kufu, Limestone cap,
Sphinx- Lion’s body with a head of a pharaoh. Lines up with Kufu’s pyramid, but the stones match with Kahfre’s material (stone). Egyptians…