Some techniques used by behavior analysis include chaining, promoting, and shaping. Chaining is the behavior technique that involves making tasks into smaller components. The first task or simplest is always taught first. Once that task is learned, the next task can be taught. For instance my lesson on jumping rope; once the students understands the concept of how to properly hold the ends of the jump rope, the next step can be taught, which is how to properly rotate arms to move the jump rope over our heads and front of body. This is then continued until the whole sequence is properly chained together. Next is prompting, this uses a type of prompt to trigger a specific response. This can involve a verbal cue, like telling a person what to do, or a visual cue, such as a picture being displayed. This is used to help with the response. I used this technique in my academic task lesson on decoding the word dog. I used a picture of a dog to help students remember how read or say the word dog. Next is shaping, this technique gradually alters a behavior, such as rewarding closer and closer, estimations of desired behavior. Behavior analysis is a very effective tool for learning. It helps children with developmental delays and children with autism acquire and maintain new skills. The basic principles of behavior modification are used often in child care, or an educational setting, such as schools. For my next lesson, decoding the word dog, the informational processing analysis helps to use phonemes and basic language skills to help decode the right sequence of letters that form the word dog (Lutz, 2003). An information processing analysis is used first to breakdown a goal into basic parts, by knowing what students needed to learn to maintain a specific goal. One question that educators should keep in mind is” what physical or mental steps must someone go through to complete this learning task”. To properly conduct an information process analysis, educators should: gain a lot of information about the task, and also the content implied by the goal. This is used to become familiar with the terminology. Rewrite the goal in a form of a test question. Ask someone that knows how to complete the task and observe them as they are completing the task while asking them to think about the process, doing this will help to find unobservable cognitive knowledge. It is important to find the shortest, simplest way to complete the task. Next is to choose steps that match the intentions of the goal. Then make a list of the steps that is right for the goal. Lastly confirm that analysis with other experts (Lutz, 2003). The task analysis process is used throughout both of my lessons. Pertaining to my physical task on how to jump rope, it required a good detailed plan that made sure that the students are understanding and it is the right implementation. When writing my lesson plan, I put myself into the position of teaching my daughter how to jump rope. I had to literally get a jump rope, think and perform showing and describing the different steps to my daughter. This is a good positive aspect of a task analysis, because the best way for me to help my daughter to learn how to jump rope is to perform the task myself. When decoding the word dog, I had to put myself in the eyes of a four year old. I had to think to myself of where she is developmentally and cognitively, if she is ready to decode words, or how much knowledge she had on letter sounds. The word dog is a very simple constant word that does not have any confusing phoneme sequences, or awkward sounds. I thought to myself of how I would properly write down step- by- step directions on how to decode the word dog. Decoding the word dog and jumping rope both have a base set of knowledge. Another pro or benefit of the task analysis process is that there is a room for assignments or additional learning tools that can branch off after the evaluation is done. The only con in my…
of these theories has a different point of emphasis when approaching the core psychological questions of why, how, and what. A lot of research and theory is based on one or more of these grand theories:
•Biological: Focuses on the biological underpinnings of behavior and the effects of evolution and genetics. The premise is that behavior and mental processes can be explained by understanding human physiology and anatomy. Biological psychologists focus mostly on the brain and the nervous system.…
in Business Administration Level 2
Awarding body: Lifetime Awarding
Unit 1: Principles of personal responsibilities and working in a business environment
Type of contact
i.e. assessment, observation, review, underpinning knowledge, feedback (evidence in learner file)
Time spent on
Running total of time spent
Page and Criteria
Rights and responsibilities at work
Principles of personal responsibilities…
setting to give out a very good background; he also used many symbol and narrator’s point of view to better describe the meaningful of the story.
“In an effective short story, setting may figure as more than mere background or underpinning, it can make things happen, it can prompt characters to act, bring them to realizations, or cause them to reveal their inmost natures”, Kennedy suggest (107). The story was told about a creepy old house in Jefferson, Yoknapatawpha County, Mississippi…
experienced Bowen practitioner
· Approved Workshops on specific clinical situations, niche areas (e.g. sports, mind/body, back pain, mother & baby, chronic fatigue, stroke, etc)
· Practitioner Review Workshops
· Instructor Training Programmes
· Underpinning knowledge, anatomy & physiology, clinical skills etc to ensure well qualified practitioners
· Bowen Hands the quarterly journal of the Bowen Therapy Academy of Australia
· International Bowtech Conferences (Australia, Europe, U.S.A.)
1.1 INTRODUCTION 4
1.2 CRITICAL REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE 5
1.3 RESEARCH PHILOSOPHY – A GENERAL VIEW 6
1.3.1 Evaluation of philosophical implications underpinning the articles 6
1.3.2 The theoretical framework 6
1.3.3 Positive Accounting Theory 6
1.4 RESEARCH APPROACH – A GENERAL VIEW 7
1.4.1 Assessment of the research approach underpinning the articles 7
1.5 RESEARCH STRATEGIES – A GENERAL VIEW 7
1.5.1 An assessment of the research strategies employed 8
1.6 PRINCIPLE DEFINING FEATURES OF THE…
individual learner needs.
Explaining why it is important to provide opportunities for learners to develop their English, Mathematics, ICT and wider skills.
Employers, educators, and trade unions all agree that English, Mathematics and ICT are the underpinning skills for employability. So whether you are helping people get into work, keep their jobs or develop a career maths and English are essential foundation skills needed to build on to develop further technical skills.
You may be aware that when…
there are several sources of evidence underpinning the FFM of personality. The approach, which was broadly used, is the factor analysis of personality questionnaires. Each of the five factors consists of six facets or subordinate traits. There is an agreement that there are five factors, but there is still some level of disagreement about the exact nature of each of the five factors. Debate continues about how the factors should be labeled. The lack of an underpinning theory is problematic for some psychologists…
suggests that most do not hold the views of Charlie Hebdo which go, ‘way beyond the mere lampooning of public figures’. Do you think that people understood the implications of the ‘meme’, or simply aligned with it because of its anti-terrorist underpinnings?
They aligned with it because it was anti-terrorist
People just followed the crowd
People understood what it meant
It was a way of rallying people after a national tragedy
11. Do you agree with the following statement?
The media overate…
and this essays examines and details some of those impacts.
Initially, the concept of colonisation will be explained, including the forces that were driving the colonisation and the usual ways it was achieved. At a general level, the ideologies underpinning the colonisers’ interactions with indigenous peoples will also be described. A comparison will then be made between the experiences of colonisation for Aboriginal peoples of Australia and the experiences of colonisation for the Torres Strait Islander…