The Question of Female Citizenship The Martin vs. Massachusetts case began in 1801 when the son of William and Anna Martin, James Martin, sued Massachusetts for his mother’s confiscated land. After losing his case, he challenged the decision of the lower courts and brought it upon the Massachusetts Supreme Court. The fuss of this case in 1805 rested on the question of citizenship, specifically female citizenship, and what acts included them. First, citizens must be defined. According to Anglo-American government, citizens were the inhabitants of New America. The citizens of the republic declared themselves independent of the British Crown. Citizens must abide by the laws their government set in place and must enter a social contract. Furthermore, having property entitled the citizens to economic and political independence needed to enter the social contract (p. 138). Citizenship in the republic required certain qualities, like land ownership, which excluded many groups. Citizens did not include those without property or who were not sufficient to provide for themselves such as the poor, children, slaves, and servants (p. 138). The government expected the adult males to fulfill their duties in time of need by serving in the militia. Women and children were not able to aid in war. Citizens must remain within the boundaries of the United States. The previous definitions of citizenship took on a masculine role. Within the United States, the women had a form of citizenship because they were inhabitants and members of the nation. Although, they were not “fully enfranchised citizens (p. 138).” A married woman was considered feme-covert, which translated into “wife was literally covered by husband (p. 139).” They were to act under their husband. Under this law, they were exempt from the privileges given to citizens. Married women were not allowed to buy, sell, or own property independent of their husband. She could not enter into contracts, act in a court of law, vote, serve on juries, or hold public office (p. 139). Citizenship largely rests on the ownership of property and the ability to provide aid and defense in the United States. George Blake argued that Anna Martin was not a member of the new nation at all. She had no political relations to the states, he said. Citizens were required to take oath, but the women were never asked to take an oath nor did they. “A married woman’s status as a feme-covert severely restricted her access to property (p. 139).” Anna Martin had to surrender the management of her property to her husband. William Martin had many rights over the land, except he could not sell the land without consent of his wife. Those who did not have property did not have the economical and political power to enter a social contract, which were the married women, were not fully enfranchised citizens. Yet, the government argued that by staying within the United States, the women had a choice to act on their own judgement. The government stated that women, too, are members and inhabitants of the new nation. Why were they not included in the benefits the citizens had? The preamble said that every member must provide his personal service in time of need in arms and defense for the United States. Yet, the government expected adult males to serve in the militia. Surely, they did not want to exercise women in the militia for aid. Going back on the idea that women were femes-covert, according to the law of God, a wife had to obey what her husbanded commanded. She simply could not have remained in the states if her husband fled for exile due to the personal vows she had taken. Justice Sedgwick made a…
Social Studies Essay
To the combien membres of the National Assembly: Messieurs, Merci for the opportunity to persuade the assembly to grant Jews full citizenship. To complete the révolution, found France on its true principles and honor the sacrifices of the French patriots that allow us to be here today, it is essential to grant Jews full citizenship. It is to the benefit of the harmony between Christians and Jews, the leadership of France, and the different types of Jews living in France. By responding…
Gabriella Costa First Year Experience
December 5th, 2014 Prof. Kirksey
I was born in Providence, Rhode Island on July 7th, 1996. I am from Norwell, Massachusetts and lived there since I was in third grade. My dad’s family is from Portugal, and my mother’s father’s side is from Sicily, Italy, and my mother’s moms side is from Ireland. I would identify myself as a Caucasian, white young adult female.
I am very proud to be a part of an Italian heritage…
GCE Citizenship Studies (2100)
The Blue Coat School
Candidate’s full name
As a part of this GCE course you will be expected to be involved in a wide range of active citizenship tasks. Your involvement in these tasks should be recorded in this active citizenship profile. You will need to complete this profile and take the completed document into the examination…
Follow the advice on this
guidebook and you’ll get
Coursework is worth
40% of your final grade!
You have done your community activity…..congratulations!!
You must now write it up. This is very important as it is worth
40% of your final grade!!
Follow this coursework guidebook very carefully as it gives you
advise on how to get top marks.
This guidebook is split up into the same sections that are on
the documentation that proves one is a legal citizenship can do so little if the individual does not perform the obligations placed upon. Nomads can have passports and certificates claiming their status in society but they must be perform tasks and partake in the country’s tradition. This gives another meaning to nomadic citizenship; nomads are also partaking in a cultural citizenship. The notion of belonging to a group is a part of cultural citizenship because nomads want to have the full rights…
Democratic citizenship paragraph
There are fundamental values and beliefs associated with democratic citizenship. Democratic values and beliefs are reflected in citizens’ actions. The first value and belief associated with democratic citizenship is justice. Having a fair and reasonable justice system helps keep our citizens in order and safe from harm. Creating laws for what’s right and wrong keeps society balanced and in order. For example things that are illegal are made illegal to protect citizens…
Citizenship to the world
1 being a honest and positive influence to others. Being a good individual. I takes everything our church teaches to be a good citizen
Derivative Citizenship, Acquired Citizenship, Acquired Citizenship
Serve on Jury
Obligations: Pay Taxes
Follow Established Laws
-Both Chinese citizens and U.S. citizens have the obligation to receive education. -Both Chinese citizens and U.S. citizens have the duty to get a Visa to travel to other…
Description of Fees Fiscal 2009 Fiscal 2008
Audit Fees $1,086,800 $1,106,160
Audit-Related Fees 1,995 1,995
Tax Fees - 93,730
All Other Fees - -
Total Fees $1,088,795 $1,201,885
E. Review the management discussion and analysis for the years in question. Has the company performed according to management’s evaluation and forecast?
Based on the management’s discussion and analysis forecast, a few of the goals have been met including, the planned closing of the 21 MARTIN+OSA stores, the planned…
In what ways does your daily life and academic work meet the criteria of: “Digital citizenship can be defined as the norms of appropriate, responsible behavior with regard to technology use.”?
For my daily life as a digital citizen, for example in social networks such as Facebook, when I write a comment or status, my words are going to reflect some of my personality. If I use inappropriate words that means there is a moral defect in me. In an academic work, if I used someone’s ideas or words without…
Mrs. Crovo, B4
Seven Roles of the President
A lot goes into what a president does to make a country run, and especially the roles he has to fulfill. Out of the 7 roles, there are many ways that the president can protect the common good. These can be shown in politics by treaties, war declarations, Bills, laws, and many other things. The president can protect the common good by acting as Chief Diplomat, Commander in Chief, and Economic Leader.