Quiz Terms Essays

Submitted By tinawina13
Words: 860
Pages: 4

Quiz - Key Terms

• Hamas: aim of establishing an Islamic state in Palestine

• Hezbollah: organization of militant Shiite Muslims based in Lebanon

• Yitzhak Rabin: the first native-born prime minister of Israel, as credited with Israel's military success in the Six Day War .

• Camp David Accords: the US president's retreat in the Appalachian Mountains, Maryland: scene of the Camp David Agreement(Sept., 1978) between Anwar Sadat of Egypt and Menachem Begin of Israel, mediated by Jimmy Carter, which outlined a framework for establishing peace in the Middle East. This agreement was the basis of the peace treaty between Israel and Egypt signed in Washington

• Oslo Accords: agreement between Israel and the Palestinians which included security arrangements and partial Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

• 6 Day War: tension between Arabs and Israeli erupted into a brief war in June 1967; Israel emerged as a major power in the Middle East

• Yom Kippur War: Egypt and Syria attacked Israel in October 1973 (on Yom Kippur); Israel counterattacked and drove the Syrians back and crossed the Suez Canal into Egypt

• Formation of Israel

• Muslim Brotherhood: founded in egypt calling for a return torigid orthodoxy, the overthrow of secular governments, and a restoration of the theocratic state.

• Sunni: one of the two main branches of orthodox Islam (the other being the Shiah), consisting of those whoacknowledge the authority of the Sunna

• Sh’ia (Shiite): a member of one of the two great religious divisions of Islam that regards Ali, the son-in-law ofMuhammad, as the legitimate successor of Muhammad, and disregards the three caliphs who succeededhim.

• Yasser Arafat: Palestinian statesman who was chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization, donated money or "earmarked" for the Palestinian people never made it them. paragon of freedom fighting and peoples rights.

• PLO: Palestine Liberation Organization. a political movement uniting Palestinian Arabs in an effort to create an independent state of Palestine;

• Abdel Nasser: president of Egypt. He led the coup that removed King Farouk and led to social reform and modernization in Egypt. He promoted pan-Arabism and had plans of uniting all Arab countries and taking back power from the European powers in the Arab region. He nationalized the Suez Canal away from its French and British stockholders. He started the Aswan High Dam and the Helwan steelworks.

• Anwar Sadat: Arab hero. when Egyptian troops recaptured a small part of the Sinai Peninsula, taken by the Israelis in 1967.

• Menachem Begin: the Israeli Prime Minister who made peace with Egypt,

• Lebanon: a country in the middle east. • Egypt • Jimmy Carter: • signed Law H.R. 5860 aka Public Law 96-185 known as The Chrysler Corporation Loan Guarantee Act of 1979 bailing out Chrysler Corporation. He led the plan to deregulate the airline industry. He canceled military pay raises during a time of high inflation and government deficits. He declared amnesty to Vietnam draft dodgers. He encouraged energy conservation, installed solar panels on the White House, and wore sweaters while turning down the heat.

• Bill Clinton: • Clinton signed the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 Congress implemented the "Don't ask, don't tell" Policy The Clinton Administration launched the First Official White House Website on October 21, 1994. In August 1993, Clinton signed the Omnibus Budget