During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries the United States “melting pot” faced many issues of separation. After the conclusion of the Civil War, which brought about freedom to those who were enslaved, endless possibilities seemed to present themselves to the African-American community. As Reconstruction came to an end though, racism and segregation dominated every aspect of life in the south. On December 6, 1865, African-American men and women of all ages were freed from the brutality of their owners and the backbreaking labor that they were forced to endure everyday for hundreds of years, through the generations. The thirteenth amendment was added to the Constitution stating that “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.” Freed Americans rejoiced at their newly proclaimed freedom. Slaves left the plantations and ventured out, searching for a new life and jobs. Families who had previously lived in fear of being torn apart and sold away, now knew that was not the case anymore. In many places, blacks could not attend church and now the black church became a wide spread institution along with women’s clubs, schools, colleges, and businesses. Where were illiterate, poor and discriminated people supposed to find jobs though? Many went back to plantation owners where they were paid very little to do much of the same work that they were forced to do while enslaved. Some became involved in sharecropping and managed to rent land from plantation owners, who were in desperate need of workers after their slaves were freed. These sharecroppers were forced to give away fifty percent of their crops to the owner in return for the land. Other freed people went into Trade Skills jobs such as leatherworking, blacksmithing, and brickmaking, jobs that didn’t require an excessive amount of skill or previous knowledge. In the upper South, blacks acquired jobs in mines and iron furnaces. Wages were low and conditions weren’t very good but freedom for all should have been a start to a better society. The end of the Civil war and the thirteenth amendment marked the beginning of the rebuilding of the United States, the Reconstruction period. During Reconstruction, the African-American community made significant strides. Military stationed throughout the southern states helped to evade segregation during the era, which allowed the African-American population to make advances. Mississippi had two black representatives as senators, fourteen of the congressmen were black, and almost two thousand had some sort of government job, seven hundred of which were elected officials. African-American women began working in houses as servants, raising the number of black working women above the white women. During this time, the Fifteenth Amendment was established, allowing black men to vote. The Reconstruction era paved the way for much success for African-Americans. After twelve years of progressivism, the government felt it was time for soldiers to leave the streets of the South and return to their barracks. In 1877, with this action, we saw an extreme rise in unethical behavior throughout the racist South. White men took action, trying to “redeem” the south, using hatred to put themselves above the African-Americans, where they believed was their rightful place to be. These men set a goal to “save the South” and attempted to completely undo every advance made for the African-American population during Reconstruction. Segregation dominated every state throughout the south. Black schools lost money while white schools gained it, making conditions bad and decreasing the number of quality teachers for African-American pupils. New laws made it possible to arrest just about anyone for even the smallest crimes. Prisons became overstocked with African-American prisoners who, in
Name: Anthony Llanos Professor:Karen Klatzkin
Date: 11/6/2013 Course: Eng 101
Racism in The UnitedStates
In North America there are several laws that protect people against racism, but that’s not enough. A large percent of polices discriminate, mostly against Latinos or Blacks due to what they look like, by having laws such as stop and frisk , they mostly have all the rights to approach to any individual and frisk…
evidence, the most probable cause of
African American oppression in the United States is the nonacceptance that started in the beginning
Racial discrimination is everywhere and has always been around. It may not always be so
obvious, but it is. It’s in social media, movies, shows and is displayed within people and their actions.
Racism has evolved tremendously since the 1800’s, then again, a lot of things have. Lindsay states that
“Throughout the 1800s, blacks in America played a prominent role…
June 10th, 2013
Racism is a very strong word to use, but what interested me in this topic is the unfairness people receive from other people because the color of their skin. Racism and Anti-Semitism seems to be an old debate and even though everyone may think racism is a thing of the past, racism and anti-Semitism is complex. Speaking from personal observation, as well as in-depth research, I am writing this paper, to support my argument, that racism and anti-Semitism is still…
Racism and Culture
Sue E. King
This paper summarizes assimilation theories in the past and in today’s society. Neoclassical and segmented theory were presented however, the segmented theorist argue there’s a dissimilarity between Europeans and non-European immigrants in today’s society. Non- European immigrants face racial barriers in the United States. Acculturation and the four acculturative attitudes were summarized. The four acculturative attitudes…
Racism Changes Lives
Racism is defined as views, practices, and actions reflecting the belief that human beings are divided into certain categories known as races and that these members share common attributes amongst one another. This definition causes a specific group or race to be less desirable, more desirable, inferior, or superior. The segregation between ethnicities have stirred many debates, battles, and controversy. Another issue that is related to racism would have to be…
Sports throughout the United States and other countries have contained many significant and great visual experiences throughout their team mascots. However, for some, the team logo and mascot depict a much greater meaning and there’s more to meet the eye than just some Indian on a helmet. Too many Native Americans there is a true sense of racial controversy through the meaning of the team names. Throughout many previous years of the United States history, there has been many racial…
Gender Essay-Woman's Suffrage
Nevada State College
Professor: Dr. Shearer
This essay is on the understanding of woman’s Suffrage.
Gender discrimination and calling the word a male dominant society is something like a cliché now as the world no longer thinks about this thing on a serious note. It has been witnessed since the very first day of human’s presence on this earth that males are always considered as the dominant creature as compared to the females. There are…
and that he had an illegitimate child. Reference to all these things are easy to find, but perhaps one of his most important legacies is not in any history books or taught in school. Einstein was a staunch fighter and activist against racism in the United States and around the world.
The Silenced Humanitarian
Albert Einstein was a self-proclaimed pacifist although he advocated the use of military action against Hitler (Golden, 2000, p. 3). He was a passionate Zionist but believed strongly in Palestinians…
I begin this paper by asking one question, what is RACISM? In order to give a scientific and proper explanation I had to look it up in the Dictionary and this is what it said. “A belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human races determine cultural orindividual achievement, usually involving the idea that one's own race is superior and has the right torule others.” As state on dictionary.com, this has been going on for millions of yea, and it and it was not just a skin…
Racism Today :
The belief that one person is less human than you and to have hatred for them is one belief that some people cannot get rid of. Even in this day and age racism still exists. No matter what accomplishments or success some people have to the racist eye it is never enough .
Whether its Chad Holley, Trayvon Martin or any other young black teenager. In March 2010, 15 year old Chad Holley was severely beaten by a group of officers. They claimed that he was resisting arrest…