Human development can be incited by nature, nurture or even both. The problem with deciding whether one has more of an impact on human development have been a real deputation. Before we look into or decide what has affected the early development of humans let’s look into standard stages that mankind goes through regardless of the effect from nurture. Jean Piaget had a concept of four specific stages ; sensorimotor, preparation, concrete operational stage and finally formal operational stage. Erik Erickson had a quite different perspective that consists of over eight stages which are from infancy (18 months) to late adulthood. We, according to Erik, go from putting things in our mouths, to pretending to be different people or things that they see whether on television or in real life, to discovering and rediscovering who we are or think we are, to caring the people we love, to loving and finally giving wisdom words.....and die. Let’s discuss both sides of the argument of what actually determines it ,nurture or nature. Firstly, when people say nurture influences human development the most, they usually means the child can grow up to be anything when they are in and affected by the environment or neighbors. Many psychiatrists and psychologists including John Locke ,who thinks that the mind of an infant is a blank slate. John B Watson and Skinner with their statement “human nature is malleable”. Kogan who asserted that children who are spoken to the most and who are given rewards for speaking, are likely to speak earlier than the children who aren’t getting as much of the attention and finally Zelazo and Kolb when they announced children who aren’t given practice of walking won’t be able to walk at the same time as the children who are, are basing these facts and are obviously determining that nurture plays a bigger part in developing humankind. Secondly, many psychologists think humans need both Nurture and Nature because without either one, let’s say nature, people would not have the standard personal characteristics, eyes , nose , anus, hair, arms, legs etc.., to go through all the motor…
telling the truth and they are praised for it they will be happy because they done good for telling the truth.
Piaget’s theory of cognitive development.
Jean Piaget was a psychologist who became fascinated by children’s cognitive thinking, he saw that children gave wrong answers regularly to curtain questions and he started to speculate why this was, Piaget made in depth observations on his own children and slowly developed the theory of cognitive thinking which has been very effective.
1. Summarise the main development of a child from the age range 0-2 years, 3-5 years and 5-8 years:
Developments are the various skills and abilities humans have, including how we acquire them.
It is important to realize that all children are individuals, so although they will go through all the stages of development they will not necessarily do so at the same time.
The term ‘average child’ is often used when talking about children’s development. We should not, as practitioners, consider any child…
each aspect of development from birth to 19 years.
From the ages of 0 to 19 the predictable pattern of development is based on 5 identifiable areas. They include social, physical, intellectual, communication and emotional. The most important factor in these areas is that they are identified as being ‘holistic’, which means that they are all interlinked with one another. In other words one aspect may impact the other causing negative or positive effects on the child’s development. I have chosen…
ideas that permits a cohesive view of development, produces new hypotheses to test, generates discoveries, and offers practical guidance. This chapter describes and evaluates five broad theoriespsychoanalytic theory, behaviorism, cognitive theory, sociocultural theory, and universal theory (humanism and evolutionary theory)that will be used throughout the book to present information and to provide a framework for interpreting events and issues in human development. Because each theory emphasizes a different…
Can be defined as the development of
problem solving and
It begins in infancy and continues throughout the whole lifespan.
Intellectual development in infants begins through sensory awareness and later through physical exploration of their surroundings.
Important milestones include:
By 6 months
By 12 months
By 18 months
By 2 years
By 3 years
Pre school children…
native speakers of English.
The process of restoring balance between present understanding and new experiences
Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development-
(8 Stages) trained by Freud as a psychoanalyst, Erickson proposed people pass through 8 psychosocial stages of development. A psychosocial crisis is resolved at each stage
A history, culture, and sense of identity shared by a group of people
NEEDS (SEN) DIPLOMA COURSE
Assignment One Question Three
Jean Piaget was born in Switzerland on August 9th, 1896. He was the oldest of three children, and the only boy. His father was Arthur Piaget, a professor of medieval literature. His mother was Rebecca Jackson, and his godfather was the Swiss scholar Samuel Cornut. In 1923, he married Valentine Chatenay. The couple had three children, Jacqueline, Lucienne, and Laurent. Piaget died in Geneva on September 16, 1980, after a brilliant scientific…
JEAN PIAGET and THE FOUR MAJOR STAGES OF COGNITIVE THEORY
The patriarch of cognitive theory was Jean Piaget(1896-1980). Piaget was a biologist, who became interested in human thinking while working to evaluate the results of child intelligence tests. As Piaget worked he noted the correlation between the child's age and the type of error they made. Intrigued by the discovery that certain errors occurred predictably at certain age, he began to focus his time and energy…
Many are used today to determine when a child is mature, when they can feel emotion, and other important factors to which there are no strict textbook answers for. Piaget and Vygotsky are two theorists that offer theoretical perspectives on how a child develops.
2. Piaget's Constructivist Theory of Cognitive Development:
Piaget had a phrase that said "Assimilation and Accommodation lead to Adaptation." Assimilation is when a person fits his or her external information in with what he or she…