Essay on Readings on Rome

Submitted By johnmarshall27
Words: 4444
Pages: 18

T HE ROMAN REPUBLIC
Lesson 1: The Mythical Beginnings of Rome
 Reading: {Package, pgs 3-7}
 Group Exercise: (Package, pg 7)
Lesson 2: Geography of the Italian Peninsula – The Etruscans
 Reading: {Text, pgs 163-168}
 Questions: (1-3, pg 168)
Lesson 3: The Roman Republic, Assemblies, and Magistrates
 Reading: {Text, pgs 168-172}; Diagram: (Package, pg 8)
 Question: (1, pg 178)
Lesson 4: The Republic of Rome
 Video: “The Republic of Rome”, (The History Channel)
 Question(s): (Package, pgs 10 &11)
Lesson 5: The Punic Wars, Eastern Expansion, and Colonization
 Reading: {Text, pgs 172-178}
 Question: (2, pg 178);
Lesson 6: a) Essay Test Preparation I b) Antony and Cleopatra
 Essay Test Package: (pgs 14-19)
 Video: “Antony and Cleopatra”, (The History Channel)
Lesson 7: The Decline of the Roman Republic (Part I) - Essay Test Preparation II
 Reading: {Reading Package pgs 225-234}, Reading: pgs {Text, 178-80, 189}
 Questions: (3, pg 178 & 1, pg 189)
 Essay Test Package: (pgs 14-19); Essay Outline Preparation
Lesson 8: The Decline of the Roman Republic (Part II) - Essay Test Preparation III
 Reading: {Reading Package pgs 234-242}
 Question: (1, pg 189)
 Essay Test Package: (pgs 14-19); Essay Outline Preparation
Lesson 9: a) Essay Test Preparation IV b) From Republic to Empire
 Essay Test Package: (pgs 14-19)
 Video: “The Roman Empire in the First Century”, Part I, (PBS)
 Reading: pgs 195-203
 Questions: (1-3, pg 203)

 Chapter Review (The Roman Republic): pg 190

2

AENEAS VS. ROMULUS
 There were two traditions on the founding of Rome. According to one, Aeneas was the founder of
Rome and according to the other, it was Romulus. Cato, in the early second century
B.C., combined the two stories to come up with what is the generally accepted version, with Aeneas coming to Italy and Romulus founding the actual seven-hilled
(Palatine, Aventine, Capitoline or Capitolium, Quirinal, Viminal, Esquiline and
Caelian) city of Rome
!

 !VIRGIL: THE AENEID!

Roman, remember by your strength to rule
Earth's peoples—for your arts are to be these:
To pacify, to impose the rule of law,
To spare the conquered, battle down the proud.
(VI.1151–1154)

I sing of warfare and a man at war.
From the sea-coast of Troy in early days
He came to Italy by destiny,
To our Lavinian western shore,
A fugitive, this captain, buffeted
...
Till he could found a city and bring home
His gods to Laetium, land of the Latin race,
Did you suppose, my father,
The Alban lords, and the high walls of Rome.
That I could tear myself away and leave you?
Tell me the causes now, O Muse, how galled
Unthinkable; how could a father say it?
...
Now if it pleases the powers about that nothing
From her old wound, the queen of gods compelled him— Stand of this great city; if your heart
Is set on adding your own death and ours
...
To that of Troy, the door's wide open for it.
To undergo so many perilous days
(II.857–863)
And enter on so many trials. Can anger
Black as this prey on the minds of heaven?
(I.1–19)
I ) THE STORIES

A) AENEAS (ALBA LONGA):
 Aeneas, son of the goddess Venus and the mortal Anchises, left the burning city of Troy with his son
Ascanius. After many adventures, which the Roman poet Vergil describes in the Aeneid, Aeneas and his son arrived at the city of Laurentum on the west coast of Italy. Aeneas married Lavinia, the daughter of the king of the area, Latinus, and founded the town of Lavinium in honor of his wife. Ascanius, son of Aeneas, decided to build a new city, which he named Alba Longa, under the Alban mountain.
Timeline of Events Before the Founding of Rome

Kings of Alba Longa
• Aeneas
• Latinus (Silvius)
• Alba (Silvius)
• Atys (Silvius)
• Capys (Silvius)
• Capetus (Silvius)
• Tiberinus (Silvius)
• Agrippa (Silvius)
• Romulus (Silvius)
• Aventinus (Silvius)
• Proca (Silvius) - father of Numitor and Amulius

c. 1184 - Fall of Troy
c. 1176…