Out of all the reforms that were passed during the industrial revolution the most important one was the factory act because it prohibited the labor of children under nine to work in textile factories. The act also lead the way to the Mines Act which prohibited the underground labor of women and children under ten and then the Ten Hours Act which limited the work day for women and children to only ten hours. Later in the 19th and 20th centuries more labor laws were created to improve the conditions for the workers. Some of them included putting restrictions on big businesses and legalizing labor unions. These reforms in labor led to the strict laws we have today about child labor.A Utopian society can never exist. It is not possible for a perfectly ideal place to occur in this universe. In society there will always need to be some kind of ruler to keep the peace and make the decisions that will always above the rest of the society. Which means that everyone will never be completely equal. Without a higher power keeping control chaos will be created. There will always be some worry about the economy and government. There will also always be some kind of fighting going on. People will get into quarrels with each other no matter how "perfect" the society is. There will always be that one flaw that cannot be changed no matter how hard someone tries. Nothing is ever perfect because we're all just humans so a perfect society can never exist. There will never be a Utopian society because of this. I do think that as time went on a factory worker would not have supported Marx but I think at first they would have. I think that at first communism may have seemed appealing because finally the worker was going to be provided with a stable environment to live in. They also were going to get any necessities they might have ever needed. They were finally going to have a chance to just relax and not have to live paycheck to paycheck any more. Later
Question #1: 16th, 17th & 18th centuries. What led to the decline of church and to secularization?
What events &/or trends in the 16th C. led to the decline of the church & secularization of E. society?
-Started with rulers (kings), emphasizing that all power rested in their hands (essentially known as absolutism). The theory of Devine Right was published, which emphasized kings were selected by God Himself. This type of absolute treatment from rulers such as Charles I (r. 1624-1648) and Louis…
Following the Second Great Awakening, an era of religious revivals that defined the first
quarter of the 19th century, the popular ideology of American society was shifted to perfectionism and
the idea that society should represent God’s wishes the best it could. Consequentially, specific
individuals began to seek these improvements creating movements for reform. This age of reform was a
time in which monumental progress was made in the areas of penitentiaries and asylums, women’s
rights, public education…
Participants (1): The State (8) Oct 23rd
Realists are keen as nation states being central to the world arena and the state is the dominant actor in world politics.
Although there’s no world government, there is a grouping that works according to tradition and rules, which is the U.N.
Link between nationalism and the state- very problematic relationship. Nationalism is what makes a lot of nation states initially come together but it also gives rise to conflict, dis-function and difficulties in…