Reforms of the Second Great Awakening The Second Great Awakening caused a bunch of reforms on big problems that plagued America at the time. Two reforms that made an impact on American society were Abolition and Women’s Rights. Both of these reforms have impacted America to this day. In the early 1800’s, slavery was widespread and not highly debated. Then when the Second Great Awakening arose, it opened people’s eyes to how cruel and how big of a problem slavery really was. Many Americans wanted to abolish slavery and set blacks everywhere free. William Lloyd Garrison, writer of The Liberator, tried to spread the word of abolition. In the first issue of his newspaper, he says “The apathy of the people is enough to make every statue leap from its pedestal, and to hasten the resurrection of the dead.” [F]. This quote states that the severity of this problem was huge and deserved everyone’s attention. Many slaves wanted to escape and get justice on their slave owners. At the National convention of Colored People, one said “Let us give the Slaveholder what he most dislikes… Let us expose his crimes and his foul abominations. He is reputable and must be made disreputable.” [D] Harriet Tubman was a conductor of the road to freedom, otherwise known as The Underground Railroad. She led many slaves to freedom by taking them through a hidden passage to the North, where slavery was not favored and outlawed [B]. After the Civil War ended, slavery was abolished all across America. Today, African Americans have equal rights and have the same freedoms as anyone else in our nation, which would not be possible without the abolition movement. Women were not very respected or represented in the Antebellum period. They had very little rights and privileges. Women could not vote or get a good, paying job. Often, women stayed at the homestead all day and cooked/cleaned. No one thought a woman could do a man’s job or be as smart as a man. After the Second Great Awakening, women started to rally and fight for their rights. They began to realize they could do anything a man could do. At the Women’s Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Due to the rapid changes of reforms in the early 19th century American history has
changed significantly. In the 1830s, many Americans began to be interested in social
reforms, or organized attempts to improve conditions of life. Their efforts to creating a
better society started with both religious and political roots.
During the early 1800s, some ministers challenged traditional religious views. Which
became known as, The Second Great Awakening. In earlier centuries, Americans believed…
Rationalism and optimism became a more popular school of thought.
Questioning Christianity caused religious Christians oppose these beliefs.
Liberalism in religion started in 1800 spawned the 2nd Great.
Awakening a tidal wave of spiritual fervor that resulted in prison reform, church reform, temperance movement (no alcohol), women’s rights movement, abolition of slavery in 1830s.
The revival furthered fragmentation of religious faiths
Western New York known as the…
Slavery had become widely debated as
either a good or a bad thing. Some people were strongly for it, and some people were strongly
against it. During the time of 1776 to 1852, many events such as the writing of the Declaration
of Independance, the 2nd Great Awakening, and the Compromise of 1850 occurred that
underlined America’s growing opposition to Slavery, and people began to realize that Slavery
was morally wrong and against the Constitution. Around the time of 1777 to 1804,
emancipation of slavery in the North was growing immensely (Document 1)…
Guided Reading Questions/Terms: Chapter 15
Chapter 15: The Ferment of Reform and Culture
Big Picture Themes:
1. The "Second Great Awakening" began in the 1830s. It's purpose was to wake people from lackluster
religion and, like the First Great Awakening, was led by passionate and emotional preachers.
2. The Mormons emerged from these beginnings and wandered westward to the Great Salt Lake.
3. Free public schools began in large measure.
4. There was push to ban alcohol…
Chapter 10: The Making of Middle Class America
Abolitionism, Cult of True Womanhood, Lyceums, Romanticism, Second Great Awakening, Seneca Falls Convention, Shakers, Temperance Movement, Transcendentalism.
A) Explain how and why the Second Great Awakening spurred sweeping social reform movements in America in an effort to create a more equitable and utopian like society.
B) Describe romanticism in art and how it was expressed through…
European diet. At the same time, Old World domesticated animals such as horses, cows, and pigs had a dramatic effect on life in the New World.
Mercantilism was the economic philosophy of Great Britain in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Like other mercantile powers, Great Britain sought to increase its wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by establishing a favorable balance of trade with its colonies.
3. HALF-WAY COVENANT
The Puritans established…
AP American History P. 3
29 October 2014
Market Revolution Paper
The Market Revolution saw a lot of changes in the infrastructure of the United States. People in the United States were now able to travel much easier. With the inventions of steamboats and railroads, people were able to get around the country more often and goods were able to be shipped across the nation. The first steamboat was operated in 1787 by John Fitch, but they were not as common until the…
47. Cult of Domesticity
13. war hawks
48. Cumberland Road
14. Battle of Tippecanoe
49. Robert Fulton
15. Hartford Convention
50. Erie Canal
16. Treaty of Ghent
17. Battle of New Orleans
52. Second Great Awakening
18. Era of Good Feelings
20. American System
55. Charles Grandison Finney
21. Missouri Compromise
22. McCulloch v. Maryland
57. Joseph Smith / Brigham Young
revolution, Blacks were starting to gain more rights and freedoms. As this was happening, Women wanted their rights as well, because if blacks get their rights and freedoms, then women can get their rights and freedoms as well. Therefore, the Second Great Awakening and the Antebellum Market Revolution played huge roles in affecting women’s role in the society.
In the nineteenth century, some people began to speak out for social changes in America. Women began to speak out for more equal treatment…
allowed to present their children for baptism.
4. The Enlightenment
The Enlightenment was a cultural movement of intellectuals in the 17th and 18th centuries, which began first in Europe and later in the American colonies. Its purpose was to reform society using reason, challenge ideas grounded in tradition and faith, and advance knowledge through the scientific method. It promoted scientific thought, skepticism and intellectual interchange and opposed superstition, intolerance and some abuses…