Queen Hatshepsut was remarkable because she became “King” of Egypt, an achievement that was never before or after repeated. On Thutmose II’s death, Hatshepsut became regent for Thutmose III. Instead of surrendering her regency when Thutmose III matured, she usurped his title of Sovereign Ruler of Egypt.
Hatshepsut’s use of the god Amon in her claim to the throne was critical to her justification of rule. The divine origin was an ancient doctrine used by all pharaohs to show that they had the right to rule and that they were the result of divine conception. As seen on reliefs at her Mortuary Temple at Dier-el-Bahri, Hatshepsut claimed that the god Amon had visited her mother, Queen Ahmose, and had copulated with her to produce the divine offspring, Hatshepsut. In the relief, Amon is shown placing ankhs (the symbol of life) on the amazed Queen Ahmose’s nose and hand. This was so she could inhale his divine essence and conceive his child
Hatshepsut also used Amon to justify her usurpation of the throne over Thutmose III by showing in a relief in her Red Chapel sanctuary at Karnak (dedicated to Amon) a religious procession. In this procession there is a statue of Amon that did not make a ‘divine manifestation’ (probably a nod) in the direction of Thutmose III. Apparently Amon was supposed to do this if the young prince rightly deserved the throne.
Hatshepsut also claimed she had accompanied her…