Terrorism has plagued the world for centuries. People feel it is necessary to terrorize, or kill to send a message. Some even go as far as sacrificing their own life for what they feel is a cause greater than themselves. Some of these causes or beliefs include certain ideologies, a call for a revolution, fighting oppression, or religion. Religion has been the foundation for an enormous amount of violence throughout the birth of man. A creation intended for peace towards the universe and towards each other, only to be taken out of context countless times and used as a tool for murder and war. Though, religion can also be peaceful. The 10 Commandments of God, or The Way of The Buddha teach self-respect, not to kill, steal, or cheat on yours or someone else's spouse. As stated before, people base their life on these teachings, some are even willing to die from it. The Crusades, the Spanish Inquisition, 100 years’ war, and so on. When people die for these religions, they take with them a special title to the grave. This title is known as a Martyr. In its original meaning, the word martyr, meaning witness, was used in the secular sphere as well as in the New Testament of the Bible. The process of bearing witness was not intended to lead to the death of the witness, although it is known from ancient writers and from the New Testament that witnesses often died for their testimonies. During the early Christian centuries, the term acquired the extended meaning of a believer who is called to witness for their religious belief, and on account of this witness, endures suffering and/or death. The term, in this later sense, entered the English language as a loanword. The death of a martyr or the value attributed to it is called martyrdom. The early Christians who first began to use the term martyr in its new sense saw Jesus as the first and greatest martyr, on account of his crucifixion. The early Christians appear to have seen Jesus as the archetypal martyr. In truth, Jesus was a martyr, though from a realistic point of view, Jesus was a prophet who spread the word of Christianity throughout most of the world. Someone did not like how his use of evangelism was rapidly swaying and winning over the masses, so he was crucified. This is why he is a Martyr. His death sent a massive wave of his teachings across the world. Religion has been implicated in all sorts of conflict and violence throughout human history. There is blood on the hands of the faithful, and no avoiding the fact that in the service of the wrong people, religion can be a force of great harm. This includes Christianity. If we consider the sins of the Christian past critics have plenty to work with – witch-hunts, the Crusades, Christian support of slavery. But the picture is much more complex than is often implied. Take the Inquisition. Dinner party guests are likely to nod in agreement when someone mentions the "millions killed" at the hands of the church but historians now suggest around 5,000 – 6,000 over a 350-year period. That's less than 18 a year. One a year is terrible, but the reality appears a long way from what we are often served up. Likewise the idea that most of the wars of history have been caused by religion is demonstrably false. The vast majority of wars have been conducted in the pursuit of profits or power, or waged for territory or tribal supremacy, even if religion has been caught up in those pursuits. But there is a very real sense in which religion can moderate those forces. David Hart notes that, "Religious conviction often provides the sole compelling reason for refusing to kill or for seeking peace. The truth is that religion and irreligion are cultural variables, but killing is a human constant".
Of course millions were killed at the hands of Mao, Stalin and Pol Pot. To say their murderous totalitarianism had nothing to do with their atheism is to completely misunderstand them and the ideologies on which their actions rested. Yale theologian
21 January 2014
Crusaders: The new martyrs
“A belief in God often means believing in fighting on behalf of God, and in being rewarded in paradise.”1 When someone thinks of martyrs most people do not think of the Crusaders as being part of that group. In our modern definition it is seen as a helpless person who died due to a religious act of violence. When in actuality a martyr according to Webster’s dictionary is defined as “a person who willingly suffers…
Review: A Man For All Seasons
Going into the film, Thomas More is a saint and a martyr. Most people consider a saint to be a man of principle, and a martyr is a man who dies for his beliefs.
Perhaps, in fact, More stands for the perils of being perceived as a saint or a moral man. Throughout the film, characters—including Chapuys, Cromwell, and the king—view More as a representative of a concept rather than as a person. His consent is important to the king and to Norfolk because it would make…
useless if it’s not backed up by other people? By that, does it mean, I as an individual could been fought against if I had the belief Israel is not an enemy?
Anthropology: Could getting people closer together by spreading religion, and making them religious result in having less people who are willing to do suicide bombings? Could the culture itself evolved in a way and became the reason that made the act of suicide bombings seem so normal that it is no longer called suicide but dying for a cause?…
to a creed in the face of adversity, in order further a cause, persons known as martyrs. These diligent few, being followers whom no superimposition of ideals would adhere to, no matter the anguish, held an unwavering conviction to a higher power. Certain ideologies hence confronted by increased scrutiny whether by the Roman Empire or other. As a result to understand Christianity one has to also appreciate the martyrs of Christianity those that espouse the beliefs and ideals of said religion. Persons…
If King Henry believed that by having "his man" in the top post of the Church, he could easily impose his will upon this powerful religious institution, he was sadly mistaken. Becket's allegiance shifted from the court to the Church inspiring him to take a stand against his king. In those days, the Church reserved the right to try felonious clerics in their own religious courts of justice and not those of the crown. Henry was determined to increase control of his realm by eliminating this custom. In…
4000-5000 Anabaptists were executed by fire, water, or sword.
Keith L. Sprunger gave a great description of their faith and zeal when he wrote, “To their fellow believers, the Anabaptist martyrs were spiritual heroes. Through the speaking and singing with Christlike demeanor in the hour of death, the martyrs acted out ‘effectual sermons’ which touched the hearts and eyes of all who watched them.” One would be inclined to believe that modern day Baptists, along with all other American Protestant…
excessive land-taxes. A lifelong opponent of "communalism" (i.e. basing politics on religion) he reached out widely to all religious groups. He became a leader of Muslims protesting the declining status of the Caliphate. Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for easing poverty, expanding women's rights, building religious and ethnic amity, ending untouchability, increasing economic self-reliance, and above all for achieving Swaraj—the independence…
he’s doing and typical expectations of morality and martyrdom? we know that Thomas More is a saint and a martyr. Most people consider a saint to be a man of principle, and a martyr is a man who dies for his beliefs.In this sense, he breaks the mold of what we might expect a martyr to be—More dies because there’s no other way out for him, not because he wants to make a political or religious statement. Even though he speaks out at the end of the movie, his onslought comes only after he has been sentenced…
17 years old she became the national heroine of France and a religious martyr. She was known for her courage and remarkable leadership, but most important for defending her beliefs and telling the truth despite the danger she was on.
Joan of Arc was born on January 6, 1412 in the village of Domremy, France. She was the daughter of Jacques d’Arc and Isabelle Romée. Joan was the youngest of 5 children. As a child she was very religious and pious. Back then, she was already known for her kindness,…
AP 12 Period 4
7 March 2014
USING RELIGION AND CULTURE AS AN EXCUSE FOR VIOLENCE
I. EXAMPLES OF RELIGIOUS VIOLENCE
1. September 11 attacks
2. Religious laws
a) Enforce laws violently
3. Examples from The Kite Runner
a) Stoning in the stadium
c) Conflict between two religions
1. Christians killed Muslims
2. Claimed it was to protect their religion
3. Muslims spread their religion by war also
1. Kill women who cheat on husband…