Study of Cicero and Plato, Self awareness. EX: Ficino attempted to synthesize Plato and Christianity. He was the first to come up with the hierarchy of beings-from God to Animals. It was a mans choice whether he would grow great.
Virtù: Man’s ability to shape the world around them with their will.
Individualism: Rising throughout the Reinissance: Less Guilds, more Individual pride.
Ex: Alberti: talented reinissance man who wrote an Autobriography.
Humanism: “Liberal Studies” Roman Greek writing. Philosophy, classics.
More attention to the human body in art, Michelangolo’s David.
Secularism: Less attention to God, became more Individually concerned. God fell out of the picture.
EX: The Courtier-book on how to raise young men: lots of stuff on writing and greek yada yada, no mention of piety. People study humanism instead of the usual Gods.
Feudal: Kings-Vassals-Serfs. People went to the nobles for protection, after Charlemange’s empire collapsed. Lords and vassals (both are of noble status) Reciprocal obligations = contractual Lord owes to vassal: land (fief), protection Lord’s court/council Vassal owes to lord: would agree to fight for the Lord at his request, would attend the Lord’s court.
Manorialism – basic economic system; communal, open field farming, 2-field system. Lords (nobles) and serfs (lower class, commoners) Manorialism made all peasants (serfs) completely dependent upon their masters. The lord had control over their estates, or manors, and the serfs. The serfs worked for the master, while the master provided food, housing and defense. The manor usually consisted of a village for the serfs (sometimes a church and mill), manor house for the lord, farmable land, pastures for livestock, and other land such as streams or meadows and forests.
Compare with Reinissance Traits
Group VS. Individual
Religious VS. Secular
Insular (uninterested in cultures) VS. Well learned
Reinissance (1350-1550) Rebirth of economic and poltical in city states of northern Italy. Began in Italy because of great Trade, surplus of food and wealth. Extra people for crafts. Charactersitics: Great achievments in art )better perspective and detail) Literary achievments and science and math.
Italien city states: why are they conductive
Popolo: Common people; unhappy
Signori: One man ruled and handed down-kept façade up
Oligarchy: Certain people ruled and kept façade up
Because of Individualism these wealthy people would commission great works of art to show their wealth. Reputation was everything do something for the public and they will like you.
Less Religion: Nicholas Machevalli wrote The prince first modern guide to politics. Leader whould be ruthless and do whats necessary to keep power-not piety or morals. Differs from medivial.
Christian Humanism/north: combines Christianity and classics. More-wrote a crticial edition of the new testament so everyone could