The Use of Illegal Drugs throughout Pregnancy A women’s pregnancy can be one of the most enjoyable times of their life! Therefore, it is important for a woman to do everything that she is capable of in order to protect both herself and her unborn fetus throughout the duration of her pregnancy. Unfortunately, some women abuse this joyful time by using drugs, both illegal and prescription. Lawmakers are currently working hard to ensure every child has a successful future, whether or not they have a parent who abuses drugs. “Lawmakers believe it is child abuse when a mother is a drug-addict. The baby will require lots of medical and parental attention” (Schniderman and Hurwitz 18). The use of drugs such as heroin, cocaine, marijuana, and amphetamine throughout a woman’s pregnancy can cause various effects to the baby as well as the mother. Specific drugs have specific effects on both a women as well as a baby’s body. It is important to know information about the specific drugs that will affect a women’s pregnancy the most. “The use of such drugs as marijuana, amphetamines, cocaine, and heroin all adversely affect the fetus” (Johnson 4). Cocaine is produced from a coca plant, which is grown in South America; it can be snorted through the nose, injected into the vein or smoked (Shniderman and Hurwitz 16). The use of cocaine is common in urban areas due to it being one of the cheapest, habit forming drugs that are available. Marijuana, produced from Cannabis Sativa is known to consist of more cancer causing agents than a tobacco product. Also, another drug that is of particular harm to a women’s pregnancy is heroin. The drug, heroin, is widely known as a narcotic drug; it is originated from opium which is found in a particular poppy plant grown in Asia. Heroin causes a person to gain physical dependence, and the development of tolerance, which causes the person to feel like more and more of the drug is needed (Farnsworth 3). Often heroin is made into a white or brownish powder that is dissolved in water and then injected into the person (Shniderman and Hurwitz 20). Amphetamine is otherwise used mainly for the purpose of a stimulant. The side effects of the drug include causing the user to feel self-confident. The usage of cocaine, marijuana, heroin, and amphetamine all are proportionally related to problems during a women’s pregnancy and a baby’s life. Just as marijuana, amphetamines, cocaine, and heroin can all affect the user’s body they can also a developing fetus’ body. It is universally known that women who receive prenatal care have fewer complications of pregnancy and during birth and have healthier babies (Johnson 2). “By twelve weeks, the fetus is most vulnerable to potential teratogenic or birth-defect-inducing agents, such as drugs, radiation, and viruses” (Johnson, 1). As an adult it is crucial to avoid drugs, epically throughout pregnancy. If you are responsible enough to have a child of your own, you should be responsible enough to know the harmful effects of using drugs. Potential effects of drug use include restricting the proper oxygen supply to the baby due to the narrowing of blood vessels. “Decreased oxygen can cause a low birth weight and smaller-than-normal babies. These babies often have smaller-than-normal heads. A small head may not let a baby’s brain develop normally” (Shniderman and Hurwitz 17). “The first stage occurs within the first seventeen days of a baby’s life. A baby exposed to drugs during the first stage will most likely result in a miscarriage (when the fetus is expelled from the mother’s body…
publications or manuscripts in press to no more than 15. Do not include manuscripts submitted or in preparation. The individual may choose to include selected publications based on recency, importance to the field, and/or relevance to the proposed research. When citing articles that fall under the Public Access Policy, were authored or co-authored by the applicant and arose from NIH support, provide the NIH Manuscript Submission reference number (e.g., NIHMS97531) or the PubMed Central (PMC) reference…
Drug Addiction 1
Understanding Drug Addiction
Axia College of University of Phoenix
Drug Addiction 2
Everyone has known someone who has had a problem with drugs. Addiction is a common problem among many individuals in the United States. Experts estimate that one out of ten people have a substance abuse problem. – Addiction Treatment Magazine. (2012). 10 Tell-Tale Signs someone needs addiction treatment. www.addictiontreatmentmagazine.com. To understand the…
Drug Addiction and Criminal Behavior
Drug addiction can have profound effects on the lives of those who are addicted as well as those people who care about the well being of these drug users. The focus in this paper will be the examination of the association between drug addiction and subsequent criminal behavior by addicts.
Question and hypothesis
The research question will be; what are the factors that motivate drug users to commit crimes to further their addiction. Hypothesis, the researcher…
November 7, 2012
Addiction: A Decision or Disease?
Drug and alcohol addiction is a very serious and widespread problem in America, and across the globe. Drug addiction is a constant craving, seeking, and using of a substance, despite the negative consequences it may have on the addict or those around them. When drug use becomes more frequent, it is considered drug abuse. Once an individual’s drug abuse is can no longer be controlled, and they are using the drug to get through everyday life…
when they first experiment with drugs; however the brain has ulterior motives producing changes at a biological level that promote addictive behaviors. According to Leshner, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, repeated drug abuse can alter the biological chemistry of the brain, including disposition and memory, which adversely affects a person’s behaviors. Additionally, while social and environmental factors may have an influence on drug addiction, they are but a consequence of the…
Adolescents and Addiction
Adolescent addiction is a prevalent part of American society and has been for decades. Adolescents are impulsive and are driven by peer pressure and heightened emotions and increased hormone production. Their brains are still developing which can cause the adolescent to behave erratically and defy authority. In addition to an under developed brain and central nervous system, many adolescents are the product…
DOES A TWO-DRUG COMBINATION HAVE THE POTENTIAL TO FIGHT COCAINE ADDICTION?
Does a two-drug combination have the potential to fight cocaine addiction?
Portland State University
Carlo Olkeriil, Graduated School of Education Department, Portland State University
This Research Paper was written in part of the Grading and Course Requirements of the COUN 507: Addiction Pharmacology taught by Terry Alan Forrest, LPC, LMFT
DOES A TWO-DRUG COMBINATION…
diacetylmorphine, is an illegal drug in the United States and many other countries. Heroin has devastating results on the brain and body. This paper looks at heroin’s history, its consequences on the brain and body, addiction possibilities, and available options for treatment for heroin abusers.
What is Heroin?
Breaking down the parts of the word, diacetylmorphine, di means two, acetyl is a radical derived from acetic acid, and morphine is a drug derived from the opium poppy…
Synthetic Marijuana “Not for Human Consumption”
PSYCH/610 Research Methods in Psychology
April 21, 2014
Professor Krista Bridgmon
Synthetic marijuana (cannabis) is also known as K2 or spice on the streets. Synthetic marijuana has many different names on the streets: Spice, Skunk, Mambo, Diablo, Fire, K2, and fake weed. Synthetic…