Research Paper

Submitted By Penguins76
Words: 1021
Pages: 5

Many people from Egypt believed that mummification was a good way to show respect. Mummification was mainly for Kings and Queens. Mummification is a very important part of Egyptian history this celebration honored great people of that time. Many Egyptians Kings, and Queens believed in Polytheism. Which is the belief of more than one god. In the past the Egyptians had up to 2,000 gods, all with different powers. Some of the most important Gods of Ancient Egypt were Yamm, Panebtawy, Spoedu, Ament, and Shu. Yamm was the God of the Sea. Being the god of the sea he controlled everything that happened while he or any other persons were in the water. Panebtawy, the god of children, had power to control every child put into the Egyptian civilization. This power was good and bad (Dunn OL) due to the woman who is having the child behavior and respect given to the highest God. Spoedu the border patrol God. His job was to control any of the people crossing into Egypt without proper permission from Spoedu the Border Patrol God. Ament, the greeter of the dead welcomed people after death, this power enabled families to not be worried of an evil person to have a safe afterlife and not be torched. Lastly, Shu had a major job controlling everything that went into the air. With this power anyone who preyed wrongly on another person in the air Shu could fix that by making something not normal happened (Dunn OL). Also when a pharaoh dies he will become a god. After death there was an afterlife, where it was based on the magic of gods. When the belief of afterlife began not all thought that it was necessary. But those who did believe of it were mummified were judged in their afterlife based on the weight and size of his/her heart. (Teeter 14). Osiris was the main god of the afterlife. Osiris and all the thousands of other gods judged people on the way their heart is weighed. In ancient Egypt they believed in Polytheism. Polytheism is the belief of more than one god. Each and every god had different powers this was a beneficial way for more than one god to help a single person at one time. (Lesko 34) Before the actual “afterlife” several artifacts were placed in the tomb for the afterlife. This helped the enrichment of magical gods in the life after death. In the early time of the BCE’s Egyptians wanted to preserve the bodies for the dead on the near to the ground desert past the reach of the Nile waters. (Lesko 8) They wanted this to happened incase of any type of natural disaster will happen the person who was mummified will not be in any type of danger from the water that will mess up the body.
The process of mummification was very crucial. First, the climate has to be extremely hot, just to enter the sand. It needs to be hot before the burial because the inside needs to be emptied and 110% dehydrated of all liquids. The reason in which the body is dried and emptied is so that the vital organs wouldn’t rot. (Rosalie 72). Secondly the location where the King/Queen was buried was always near a temple.
In addition the total process takes seventy days to finish and completely complete. Out of the seventy days thirty was needed to preserve. So much time was needed to preserve because without all of the organs inside of the body, you are made up of one hundred-sixty ounces of blood. Also blood doesn’t dry as quickly as water so the water that is in your body will dry first then the blood will take its time but eventually dry out. (Gibbons 114) The actual substance used to harden the body was a tar like paste, which was black but then, covered in other fabrics giving the mummy that “white” color. Some of the most popular mummies were Tutankhamun, Thutmose II, and Queen Hatsheput. These three were important because in there