research paper

Submitted By camal1759
Words: 1083
Pages: 5

Kamal Hunter
Ms. Divarco
Inquiry Skills
November 21, 2013
What effect did Martin Luther King Jr have on the civil rights movement? Dr Martin Luther king played a crucial role in the development and advancement of the civil rights movement. He grew up as a well educated and righteous man who was influenced by his father and grandfather who were both pastors. He graduated high school at the age of fifteen and received a B.A. degree from Morehouse College in 1948. This was a highly rated African American institution. After three years of theological study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania he was awarded the B.D. in 1951. He received a Doctorate at Boston University in 1953. In 1954, Martin Luther King became a pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. By this time, Martin Luther King was a member of the executive committee of the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People By 1955 his movement to start the first nonviolent protest for the rights of African American men, women, and children began. "I am a mother with six kids," says the beautiful ebony-skinned woman adorned in batik-print African dress and silver loop earrings. "And part of the time I don't even know where I'm going to get the next meal for my children." (Dyson 18). This is one thing among the many things he heard and experienced while walking around in the poor streets of the black south. He was not happy with what the community had become. Just another forgotten poor black neighborhood while the majority of the other white and dominant races had nice places and neighborhoods. King promoted peace and equality within not just the black communities, but all communities. He met and married Coretta Scott and had two sons and two daughters. Their home was later bombed and King’s wife stated that why was he the target of most of the violence. There were several other activists which included NAACPS Roy Wilkins. The answer to that can be found on the night of January 30, 1956 when King’s house had been bombed. King was met by a standoff of a group of men with weapons and a group of white policemen. Instead of letting the fight go on and the lives of people be lost he stated that he wanted them to go home and put down their weapons, that we cannot solve this problem through retaliatory violence. We must meet violence with nonviolence....we must meet hate with love. (30) By 1968, King had traveled over six million miles delivering his message and spoke over twenty-five hundred times. He appeared wherever there were unjust actions or protests. During these few years he led a humongous protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that received the attention of the entire world, and inspired one of his most famous talked about pieces of literature, his "Letter from a Birmingham Jail. He also organized the most known march in Washington D.C. called “I Have a Dream” to a crowd of 250,000 people. He campaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson and communicated with fellow supporter President John F. Kennedy. He was awarded five honorary degrees; was named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963; and became not only the symbolic leader of American blacks but also a world figure. Martin Luther King believed in his message of nonviolence immensely and is a big goal he strived for when leading his movements. Civilization and violence are antithetical concepts. Nonviolence is the answer to the crucial and moral question of our time....The foundation of such a method is love....I have the audacity to believe that peoples everywhere can have three meals a day for their bodies, education and culture for their minds, and dignity, equality and freedom for their spirits. (Johnson 44)
Relevant to the thesis I believe that Martin Luther King had a huge effect on the civil rights movement. Without his great speaking and leadership we would be years behind where we are now. He even has influence on great and important people