Martin Luther King Jr. is one of the most respected and known social activist of all time. He was a man who wanted to enacted change that would allow all people: rich or poor, black or white, male or female, to succeed. King Jr. was quoted as saying “Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about the things that matter.” He made sure to always stand for what he believed in through passive protests; from the Montgomery Bus Boycott to the March on Washington. Charles Dickens lived with this same life philosophy about one hundred year before King was born. Dickens had the same fiery passion for social activism as King. Dickens, however, exhibited his passion through his many literary works. One critic stated “Through social commentary, he brought up a strong case of poverty, crime, misfortunes of being poor, treatment of poor, and condemnation of inconsiderate public institution” (Duke 6). Dickens grew up during the Age of Reform in England which saw an increase in poverty, crime, child labor, and workhouses. Dickens had the “fortune” of seeing all of these aspects of society during his time. Perhaps, it was fortunate that Dickens, rather than another, experienced these conditions because he had the gumption to write about it. He introduced characters such as Oliver Twist, who exemplified the nature of the time period. Dickens wrote of Twist, a young pauper, who managed to seize the opportunities given to him in order to free himself from the shackles of impoverished life. Dickens wanted to help all paupers of the time period by writing to reform societal issues of the era. Dickens never allowed himself to become silent about the problems his saw in society. Charles Dickens uses Oliver Twist as a satirical vehicle to reform social issues of workhouses, child labor, crime, and the Poor Laws. Often times, fictional stories are a product of factual happenings. This is no different for Charles Dickens, who used his life as a template for Oliver Twist. Dickens was born in 1812; he was the second of eight children. Charles was thrust into work at the age of twelve to support his family and pay off his father’s debt, for which he had been imprisoned. Dickens worked in a shoe polish warehouse, the same polish mentioned several time in Oliver Twist. Dickens told John Forster, his biographer “Its wainscoted rooms, and its rotten floors and staircase, and the old grey rats swarming down in the cellars, and the sound of their squeaking and scuffling coming up the stairs at all times, and the dirt and decay of the place, rise up visibly before me, as if I were there again” (Forster n.p.). Dickens recalled working with a boy whose name was Bob Fagin, which he ended up using as the name for one of the main characters in Oliver Twist. Dickens was finally able to stop working when his family inherited a large sum of money from his grandmother, similar is Oliver being taken in by Mr. Brownlow and the Maylies. Dickens’ youth heavily influenced his passion for writing about social reforms and led to his work, Oliver Twist. One area of reform Dickens chose to focus on was the cruel child labor of the workhouses. Dickens had life experiences of child labor and workhouses, which he gained from working in a shoe polish factory as a boy. These issues were important to Dickens, and important to the time period. Without child labor and workhouses, the Industrial Revolution in England would have struggled to take place. Employers would pay children much less than their adult counterparts, but often times poverty led children into labor; they would have to support themselves or their families. Workhouses, similar to child labor, were extremely prevalent during the Industrial Revolution in England. Conditions within the workhouses were inhumane and barbaric. Oliver begins his life in an orphanage and then, at age nine, is taken to the workhouse. One critic wrote “It provided conditions in the workhouse such that…
Kingdom- Plantae; subkingdom Tracheobionta
Phylum- Spermatophyta; subphylum Magnoliaphyta
I am doing my research paper over Carya Illinoensis most commonly none as the Pecan Tree, Pecan Hickory, Sweet Pecan, Illinois Nut, or Soft-Shelled Hickory. The reason for picking this tree is pretty clear for me since in the winter time I am a pecan harvester with my dad and his other workers…
Daniela Gonzalez 4/01/2013
English 2R Pettinato
Marriage is a vital social institution. The exclusive commitment of two individuals to each other nurtures love and mutual support; it brings stability to society. Being married to someone you love should be a right and a privelage. Someones sexual orientation, whether heterosexual of homosexual, shouldnt prevent them from having equal human rights.
Homosexuality is a sexual or platonic relation of the representatives of the same…
individual’s weight and height and allows medical experts to determine future health risks. In addition to the millions of adults who suffer from obesity related diseases, statistics for kids are equally frightening. The CDC estimates that 18% of people aged 12 to 19 and 20% of people aged 6 to 11 are obese. Unfortunately, the trend is moving in the wrong direction as child obesity has tripled in the past three decades to 17% (Seidman, 2011).
Obesity has become an American epidemic which requires immediate…
19 March 2015
The Drinking Age; Too High or just Right
In the United States of America to sit down at a restaurant, and order a beer, or other alcoholic beverages you must be 21 years old. Many citizens see this as just a normal fact of life, but it has other countries shaking their heads asking “why so high?” The United States is one of very few countries to have a minimum drinking age set at 21. In many countries the minimum legal drinking age is 18…
ENG 300 Major Authors: Toni Morrison
Paper #2, Question 4
During the mid 1800s, when slavery was still very much alive, blacks were faced
with endless mistreatment and abuse. This abuse was not only physical, but also very
emotionally and mentally traumatizing. African American and African slaves were
viewed solely as property and were never treated as humans. Although the consequences
of slavery on blacks are endless, a major effect was the loss of one’s personal identity…
researchers all addressed motivation in some capacity and related it to a part of exercise. For example, intrinsic motivation vs. extrinsic motivation and how the self-determination theory relates to exercise frequency.
Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic
Research states that there are two main forms of motivation: Intrinsic and Extrinsic. Vallerand describes intrinsic motivation as when “behavior is performed mostly for its own benefit, for example to experience satisfaction. (271)” Besides mere satisfaction…
English Research Paper
The Summoning of Everyman
“It is appointed unto man once to die, but after this the judgment.”(Hebrews 9:27).
Death comes to all, and it comes without warning. This almost seems to be the message of the Play “Everyman”, while the author is unknown, it is widely accepted that it was written in the 15th century. The story meets an almost universal audience in its simplistic symbolism. In the story, Everyman is given a gift in the knowledge that he will…
10 February 2015
Cancer and the Three Most Common
The study of cancer, called oncology, is the work of countless doctors and scientists around the world whose discoveries in anatomy, physiology, chemistry, epidemiology, and other related fields made oncology what it is today. Technological advances and the increasing understanding of cancer make this field one of the most rapidly evolving areas of modern medicine. Cancer is nothing to play with. It comes in 3…
the years. Mexico and America also argued about where the borders of their land lied. Mexico disagreed with America’s border lines making America upset with Mexico. Later on in 1845, the United States went out and annexed Texas, making Mexico irate.2 Mexico was not about to approve of the taking of Texas, so they talk to their ambassador and threatened war on them. The United States of America’s President James K. Polk made sure that was not going to happen by taking Brigadier General Zachary Taylor…