Review Sheet: Depression To WWII

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Review Sheet: Depression to WWII

Key terms
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the president of the US from 1933–1945. He instituted the New Deal in order to get the country out of the Depression and .
Dorothea Lange
She was an influential American documentary photographer and photojournalist, best known for her Depression-era work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA). Lange's photographs humanized the consequences of the Great Depression and influenced the development of documentary photography.
TERA (Temporary Emergency Relief Admin) NY state
A New York state relief program set up in the 1930s
Great Depression
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the decade preceding World War II during the 1930s. The depression originated in the U.S., after the fall in stock prices that began around September 4, 1929,
The National Recovery Administration (NRA) was the primary New Deal agency established by U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) in 1933. The goal was to eliminate "cut-throat competition" by bringing industry, labor and government together. The NRA was created by the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) and it reduced "destructive competition" and to help workers by setting minimum wages and maximum weekly hours, as well as minimum prices at which products could be sold.
The New Deal a variety of programs designed to produce relief (government jobs for the unemployed), recovery (economic growth), and reform (through regulation of Wall Street, banks and transportation).
a United States federal law of the New Deal era which restricted agricultural production by paying farmers subsidies not to plant part of their land (that is, to let a portion of their fields lie fallow) and to kill off excess livestock. Its purpose was to reduce crop surplus and therefore effectively raise the value of crops. The money for these subsidies was generated through an exclusive tax on companies which processed farm products.
It was created by the National Industrial Recovery Act in June 1933 in response to the Great Depression. It built large-scale public works such as dams, bridges, hospitals and schools. Its goals were to spend a lot of money to provide employment, stabilize purchasing power, and help revive the economy.
FERA under Hoover gave loans to the states to operate relief programs such as TERA. Along with the CCC it was the first relief operation under the New Deal. Basically, it gave grants and loans to states.
Huey Long
He served as the 40th Governor of Louisiana from 1928–1932 and as a U.S. Senator from 1932 to 1935. He planned to mount his own presidential bid for 1936.
Long created the Share Our Wealth program in 1934 with the motto "Every Man a King", proposing new wealth redistribution measures in the form of a net asset tax on corporations and individuals to curb the poverty and homelessness endemic nationwide during the Great Depression.
To stimulate the economy, Long advocated federal spending on public works, schools and colleges, and old age pensions.
Welfare State
A concept of government in which the state plays a key role in the protection and promotion of the economic and social well-being of its citizens. It is based on the principles of equality of opportunity, equitable distribution of wealth, and public responsibility for those unable to avail themselves of the minimal provisions for a good life.
Social Security

Herbert Hoover
The 31st President of the United States (1929–1933). Created initiatives that served as the groundwork for various policies incorporated in Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal.
US v. Butler a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the processing taxes instituted under the 1933 Agricultural Adjustment Act were unconstitutional.
Invalidated regulations of the poultry industry as an invalid use of Congress's power under the commerce clause. It rendered the National