There are numerous differences in competencies between BSN and ADN.
Nursing is a dynamic profession and life long learning is essential for nurses to stay current with the increased complexity of the healthcare needs of today and into the future. In other words, the needs of our patients are changing, as we must change in order to be prepared to better serve that need.
Nursing has a long history of formal education which moved out of hospitals and into colleges and universities early last century. The associate degree level of nursing was developed out of a need to produce nurses in response to a shortage during and following World War II. It was a proposed as a temporary solution to a shortage to a shortage but was not intended to replace the professional level of nursing education.
The national advisory council on Nurse education and practice, policy advisors to congress and the U.S secretary for health and human services on nursing issues, has urged that at least two thirds of the nurse workforce hold baccalaureate or higher degrees in nursing in 2010. The Veteran’s Administration [VA], the nation’s largest employer of registered nurses, has established the baccalaureate degree as a minimum preparation its nurses must have for promotion beyond the entry –level beginning in 2005 and has committed $50 million over a five year period to help VA nurses obtain baccalaureate or higher nursing degrees.
In an article in the September 24, 2003 issue of the journal of the American Medical Association, DR .Linda Aiken and her colleagues at the University of Pennsylvania found that patients experience significantly lower mortality and failure to rescue rates in hospital where more baccalaureate prepared nurses provide direct patient care. www.jama.ama.assn.org. Evidence shows that nursing education level is a factor in patient safety and quality of care. As cited the report When Care Becomes a Burden released by the Milbank Memorial fund in 2001, two separate studies conducted in 1996- one by the state of New York and one by the state of Texas –clearly show that significantly higher levels of medication errors and procedural violations are committed by nurses prepared at the associate degree and diploma levels as compared with baccalaureate level.
ASSOCIATE DEGREE IN NURSING
The ADN program require about 2 yrs for the student to complete. The Adn nurses are associate degree in nursing, ADN nurses have clinical skills and hands on basic skills but they lack both management and leadership skills with in the nursing field. Additionally they lack research skills used in nursing as well as knowledge on informatics the use of technological advances in enhancing quality medical delivery.
ADN is shortened program time and reduced tuition rates. This program is more concise which focuses on the clinical skills and more tasks oriented. It lacks the theory and science behind nursing as a profession.ADN nurses are educated to provide nursing are to persons with similar alterations in structured setting.ADN degree graduates to meet the needs of the pt.
ADN gives you the fundamentals of nursing practices. They basic theory, skills, competencies knowledge of scope of practice and legalities for licensure and the essential general education core that is necessary as a foundation [English, psychology, biology chemistry, anatomy and physiology , etc].it gives you the bare minimum knowledge required to pass the Nclex licensure exam.ADN nurses not able to neither make technical decisions nor carry out research.
BACHELORS OF SCIENCE IN NURSING
BSN program is four years program. BSN is knowledge theory research based and the emphasis is on the entire picture of the field of nursing exposing the nurse to human diversity and global perspective ethical, legal, political , historical and social influences using liberal art including biblical concepts for complete understanding of the field.BSN