One of the first figures to be associated with the invention of spectacles was the thirteenth century English, friar Roger Bacon who was based in Paris and outlined the scientific principles behind the use of corrective lenses in his Opus Majus(c.1266), of which the College possesses an early printed edition prepared from Bacon's manuscripts in 1733. The idea that monks or friars possessed a secret knowledge of spectacles that they later unleashed on the world found currency with several writers, notably William Molyneux in his Dioptrica Nova (1692). Unfortunately no evidence survives to suggest that Bacon ever applied his theoretical knowledge ofperspectiva (optics) despite the fact that, as a Franciscan, he was part of a practically-minded religious order. A recent biographer of Bacon, Brian Clegg, insists that for Bacon the fledgling notion of ‘science’ was entirely concerned with the accumulation of practical knowledge with a specific end in mind. This is evident in his less well-known work of the 1260s or 1270s on burning glasses, De speculis comburentibus. The Opus Majus is, of course, only a summary proposal addressed to Pope Clement IV for a still larger work that Bacon was fated never to complete. Had the main work ever materialised the corpus of original practical experimentation that scholars now agree underpinned the summary might well have resulted in some form of binocular mounted lens. Perhaps the man himself had produced one already, or it may have been amongst the thousands of pounds worth of equipment that Bacon was in the privileged position to purchase in furtherance of his studies? It is dangerous to assume, however, that the 'inventor' of…
hierarchy of society. No one worked harder for the freedoms to be provided and stereotypes to be dissolved than Roger Williams. Without the influence of Roger Williams we wouldn't be able to live the way we live today.
Without the influence of Roger Williams America wouldn't be a free country. America has many different religions like Muslim, Jewish, Buddhist, and Hindu. If Roger Williams never write The Bloudy Tenent of Perseccution ect. they would be physically and violently forced to…
Psychology is a scientific study that is just as varied and complex as the human mind. Carl Ransom Rogers was a boy with a curiosity for science into a man who wished to look deeper into the human spirit with the science of the mind. Transpersonal Psychology was his selected field, a type of psychology that deals with observing spirituality to pursue optimal mental health and self-transcendence (Davis). Carl Rogers did not originate the concept of transpersonal psychology, but he pioneered it and made it…
Client Centered vs. Person Centered
Rogers’ approach to therapy
in which the client (not the patient)
is assumed to be
responsible for changing
his or her personality.
Client Centered vs. Person Centered
Referred to the
Theory of Personality.
Two Basic Assumptions
The tendency of all matter
to evolve from simpler
to more complex forms…
Francis Bacon (1909 – 92) originally began as an interior designer. His work was of satisfactory quality and still without formal training in his first stages as an interior designer, but in 1944 his art work was evidently developing a stylistic shift. His signature, popular style of art consisted of male and female figures confined in un-proportioned bodies, sectioned in three panels, also known as triptychs.
Many of his paintings are presented in the form of the use of negative attributes, or…
Strategic Management 4199
Mid-Term Case Study
Rogers’ Chocolates Case Analysis
Analysis of the Financial Performance of Rogers’ Chocolates with supported conclusions
In a review of Rogers’ Chocolates financials (see Appendix A) it is apparent that they have improved from 2005 to 2006. The possibility for them to double or triple its size within 10 years looks promising. Their liquidity ratios taken from the figures on the balance sheet show that their current ratio in 2006 was 1.37…
Nathanial Bacon let greed take the best of him. In struggle for Indian land, Bacon felt that he must take matters into his own hands by seizing Indian lands; bacon and his followers would obtain new land lands, new farms, and new opportunity for fur gathering (Seal). As Bacon saw this land seizure as a way for him and his followers to get rich, Governor Berkeley had no desire to start a war with the Indians, rather; Governor Berkeley’s policy was viewed as “weak”. This policy didn’t stop Bacon, instead…
their spiritual awareness, religious beliefs or the motivation needed to put towards their weight loss goals and their overall state of mind.
Mr. Roger is a forty year old client. He has never been married and has no kids. Throughout the years Roger has developed diabetes and hyper tension which is due to his obesity.
During the counseling session it is important to get background information from the client, by gaining…
Sir Francis Bacon
Sir Francis Bacon, the Father of Modern Science was well known for developing the Scientific Method which uses empirical and inductive approach for research. Empirical approach simply is seeing something happen rather than making a hypothesis. The inductive approach simply goes from general to specific and the deductive approach goes from specific to general.
Sir Francis Bacon, father was named Nicholas Bacon. His mother name was Anne Bacon. He had two brothers named…
October 11, 2014
Theo 105 Sacred Scripture
Professor David A. Tamisiea
Persons and their Brains Roger Scruton summary talk
Roger Scruton did a terrific job on explaining his theories and the functions of the brain. In the
beginning of his speech he goes into detail about Neurophilosophy. It is defined according to him that
Neurophilosophy is a medical specialty that focuses on the relationship between the brain and the
peripheral nervous system. In human nature Neurophilosophy doesn't have to directly apply to…
To Francis Bacon the conception of ‘truth’ is an established fact, which goes unchallenged. He is of the view that, ‘Truth is superior to everything’. Even the Divine Books emphasize on absolute truth, whether its Muhammad (pbuh) or Jesus Christ, both preached their followers to support ‘truth’ in any sort of circumstance. Even Socrates (before the time of these prophets) welcomed the cup of deadly poison for the sake of truth. But in 21st century, the sense and meaning of truth is lost, especially…