One of the first figures to be associated with the invention of spectacles was the thirteenth century English, friar Roger Bacon who was based in Paris and outlined the scientific principles behind the use of corrective lenses in his Opus Majus(c.1266), of which the College possesses an early printed edition prepared from Bacon's manuscripts in 1733. The idea that monks or friars possessed a secret knowledge of spectacles that they later unleashed on the world found currency with several writers, notably William Molyneux in his Dioptrica Nova (1692). Unfortunately no evidence survives to suggest that Bacon ever applied his theoretical knowledge ofperspectiva (optics) despite the fact that, as a Franciscan, he was part of a practically-minded religious order. A recent biographer of Bacon, Brian Clegg, insists that for Bacon the fledgling notion of ‘science’ was entirely concerned with the accumulation of practical knowledge with a specific end in mind. This is evident in his less well-known work of the 1260s or 1270s on burning glasses, De speculis comburentibus. The Opus Majus is, of course, only a summary proposal addressed to Pope Clement IV for a still larger work that Bacon was fated never to complete. Had the main work ever materialised the corpus of original practical experimentation that scholars now agree underpinned the summary might well have resulted in some form of binocular mounted lens. Perhaps the man himself had produced one already, or it may have been amongst the thousands of pounds worth of equipment that Bacon was in the privileged position to purchase in furtherance of his studies? It is dangerous to assume, however, that the 'inventor' of…
Found that we have many emotions based on many different situations we might encounter
Socrates & Plato
Knowledge is not preexisting
Scientist and philosopher
Hypothesized brain activity
Treaty of Tordesillas
The Spanish Empire
Massachusetts Bay Colony
City Upon a Hill
French and Indian War
Proclamation of 1763
was colonized by Roman Catholics who were escaping a tragic fate in England. In order to profit, the Toleration Act was passed to encourage settlement, which promised to tolerate other religions,. But religious freedom wasn’t even freedom at all. Roger Williams was the first person to create a colony, Rhode Island that allowed the practice of any religion. Anne Hutchinson held meetings in her living room preaching her own version of religion. She got exiled and moved to Rhode Island. Also Thomas…
Pocahontas, John Rolfe
3 John Winthrop, Anne Hutchinson, William Penn
4 Nathaniel Bacon, Cotton Mather, Rachel Clinton
5 Jonathan Edwards, Benjamin Franklin, Charles W. Peale, Phillis Wheatley
6 Samuel de Champlain, Robert La Salle, George Washington (pre-presidency)
7 Samuel Adams, Abigail Adams, Gilbert du Motier & Marquis de Lafayette, Paul Revere
8 Thomas Paine, Richard Henry Lee, John Paul Jones, George Rogers Clark
9 Daniel Shays, James Madison, Patrick Henry
10 George Washington (as…
at places such as the University of Heidelberg. Philosophers and theologians also made appearances in the age. New ideas emerged on law, reason, wisdom, and learning; for example, the acquiring of knowledge was recorded by an English philosopher Roger Bacon and theologian Thomas Aquinas wrote about law pertaining to reason. Better educations also led to advancements in the medical field. Art of a hospital scene in Italy shows that the people then had advanced from the common assumption of what it would…
Hutchinson-She had unorthodox views that threatened the clergy and the Puritan experiment. She was intelligent and talked of antinomianism, similar to Calvinism, which did not agree with the puritan belief. She was brought to trial in 1638 and banished
Roger Williams-He said that Plymouth Bay was not legal because the Indians were not compensated for the taken land. He denied the govt. the right to regulate religious behavior and talked of his separatist opinions. Found him guilty of disseminating “newe…
had a perspective on this humanistic thoery but Carl Rogers was one of the first American therapist to provide the conditions of a humanistic therapeutic relationship. The idea that we are responsible for our own lives, this is showed in the work of Carl Rogers. Rogers approach was very optomisitic. Carl Rogers believed that the organism has one basic tendency and striving- to actualize, maintain, and enhance the experiencing organism. Carl Rogers believed that all people have a tendency toward growth…
is a dark box or room with a hole in one end. If the hole is small enough, an image can be seen on the opposite side. This phenomenon was known by thinkers as early as Aristotle around 300 BC. Many sources state that Roger Bacon invented Camera Obscura just before the year 1300. Bacon popularized Camera Obscura, by using it to view solar eclipses.
Next, calotype is one of the first photographic processes invented in the nineteenth century. It was the first negative-positive system created, and was…
Protestants, Catholics could settle in the colony.
Massachusetts' sumptuary law forebodes the purchase of woolen, linen or silk clothes with silver, gold, silk, or lace on them.
June: After being expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony, Roger Williams founds Rhode Island, which becomes the first English colony to grant complete religious tolerance.
November 7: Massachusetts banishes Anne Hutchinson for preaching that faith alone was sufficient for salvation.
invasions had taken their tole, largely influencing change upon the English vocabulary.
In addition, during this time period there were many influential writers who played a role
in shaping the English language. Geoffrey Chaucer, William Caxton and Roger Bacon are just
three of the hundreds who had an impact during this era. Although, no writer had such an impact
as “John Wycliffe, the first writer of an English bible” (
John Wycliffe 2013
). Such a book that is
part of a religion as large as ch…