Rome is an important city in Italy because it is not just a city but it is also the capital too. The Romans believed that their city was founded in the year of 753 BC. The city of Rome and the history is what made this city important. During the history of Rome there were a lot of things that went on such as the Roman Republic, the Roman Empire, and the beautiful sculptures and architecture. The Roman Republic was ruled first by a succession of kings and then in 509 B.C.E. was constituted itself a republic. The republic lasted until 27 B.C.E. It all started with Romulus himself because he established the traditional Roman distinction between the patricians and the plebeians. There was so much conflict between the patricians and plebeians. Both groups were very political and that’s why they did not get along well. The reason for all the conflict was that the senate was mostly patricians, so they were responsible of making new laws. This made the plebeians form their own legislative assembly. They called themselves the Consilium Plebis. After all the conflicts between the plebeians and patricians, finally in 287 B.C.E. they agreed to bind legislation on all citizens. This established equal citizenship for all. At about the same time this when Rome established a powerful military as well as an empire. In 264 B.C.E. is when the Punic Wars started and they ended in 146 B.C.E. This war was fought between Rome and Carthage. Basically the three wars resulted in the destruction of Carthage and the Romans gaining territories. This is how the Roman Empire expanded and got stronger. After this a Civil war among Roman politics soon erupted. The general of this war was Lucius Cornelius Sulla which ruled as dictator from 82 to 79 B.C.E. In the war he murdered thousands of his opponents and introducing a new constitution. There were also struggles of power between Gaeus Pompeius Magnus and Gaius Julius Caesar which ended in 48 B.C.E. with Caesar’s defeat of Pompey. After Caesar became dictator of the empire the civil wars that followed brought the republic to an end. This is when Caesar Augustus became emperor and rebuilt the empire. After the Republic almost failed Caesar Augustus became an assumed power in 27 B.C.E. and restored the Republic. Caesar Augustus restored the Republic by him retaining power in his autocratic power over the Republic as a military dictator. After Caesar Augustus died there were five good emperors by the names Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius who ruled for a long time. They were all known for expanding the empire even bigger extending from Spain, Britain, Egypt, and the Sahara Desert. After this twenty-five emperors were murdered and also thousands of people died from the plague. This is when the empires borders started began to be threatened by barbarians. After this happened Diocletian came along in 284 B.C.E. and briefly restored order by dividing the emperor into four tetrarchies. During the Roman Empire the Romans created beautiful and amazing architectural structures as well as artwork. The city of Rome had an amazing layout. The city had walls, streets, temples, blocks, theaters, and baths. The baths were meant to be for social gatherings and work outs. Around the city of Rome there were trenches which symbolized were the culture
Greco-Roman AP Euro
The Greco-Roman civilization is known as the foundation of all western civilization such as, the United States, Europe and other country's that have westernized. There are very important components to the Greco-Roman civilization known as language, culture, government and religion.
A component of the Greco-Roman civilization as said earlier is language…
History and Interpretation of Gladiatorial Games
Some Historians believe that the Romans inherited the practice of gladiatorial games from the Etruscans who used them as part of a funeral ritual (servants would duel to the death for the right to provide companionship to their owners in eternity).
Other historians point to evidence of gladiators in Campanian society, perhaps of Samnite origin…
Government, Religion, and Military
Two of the greatest civilizations of the ancient world were the civilizations of Greece and Rome. These two civilizations were especially significant from the time periods prior to the Roman Republic. These two civilizations both affected Europe and the Mediterranean regions including the rest of the world around them. Though the two civilizations differed in location, they also had many aspects that were very similar. One of these…
This paper will discuss the influence civilizations had on the development of the roman republic and empire. The Neolithic revolution had a huge impact on the development of social classes and government structure. The Romans established a form of government, a republic stemming back to the Neolithic revolution. During the Neolithic revolution social classes first emerged. The Neolithic Revolution was of high impact because it was when civilizations such as those along the Fertile Crescent first…
the other civilizations in the Mediterranean Basin was Ancient Rome. A city so strong that even when the invasion of the Barbarians, the Romans were able to still keep the cities language, their biggest continuity. However, strong or pronounced a civilization is, it shall fall eventually from its Achilles heel being discovered. Or else the lack of certain knowledge, otherwise their lucky streak beings to run out, as well as a new civilization shall rise in its place. For the mighty Romans, it was…
Most societies that developed in ancient civilizations were centered around some form of imperial administration and Imperial Rome (31 B.C.E.-476 C.E.) and Han China (206 B.C.E.-220 C.E.) were no different in this sense. Both civilizations had a network of cities and roads, with similar technologies that catalyzed cultural amalgamation and upgraded the standard of living, along with comparable organizational structures. Additionally, both civilizations had problems managing their borders and used…
Germanic Tribes, the Roman Legacy, and the Christian Church
History 114 – Western Civilization & The World I
Due: November 8, 2014
After the fall of the Roman Empire around the fifth century, it took “hundreds of years” for the western part of Europe “to establish a new society.”1 The emergence of this new European civilization during a period known as the Early Middle Ages, included three major components: the Germanic tribes, the bequest of the Romans, and the legislation…
Question: With the collapse of the classical civilizations, post-classical civilizations arose shortly thereafter. Compare the factors that led to the rise post-classical civilizations from 500 CE to 1200CE between two of the following regions- Europe, East Asia, Africa or the Middle East.
Model Essay Comparison Essay Post-Classical Civilizations
With the collapse of the Roman, Gupta and Han empires, the world was left in a period of chaos with little structure in most areas. However after…
The Roman Empire Vs. Han China
Politically, Economically, and Socially
The Roman Empire was Dominate Empire in Europe and North Africa, meanwhile, to the east another civilization was just as powerful, the Han dynasty. The two were similar in many ways, but just as different in others. There Political systems of Rome had 2 consoles a year, while China had Emperors. The social system of China and Rome was that the basic unit of society was family. The economical factor…
As many of the different civilizations of the world developed they brought with them many different types of things. One of the biggest things that has an impact on everything till this day is the different kinds of belief systems. Some of the major religions are Christianity, Judaism and the older ones like Animism and Confucianism. These belief systems have affected as in many ways such as religion practices, government, and way of life for a very long time. Most of these countries…