Rome is an important city in Italy because it is not just a city but it is also the capital too. The Romans believed that their city was founded in the year of 753 BC. The city of Rome and the history is what made this city important. During the history of Rome there were a lot of things that went on such as the Roman Republic, the Roman Empire, and the beautiful sculptures and architecture. The Roman Republic was ruled first by a succession of kings and then in 509 B.C.E. was constituted itself a republic. The republic lasted until 27 B.C.E. It all started with Romulus himself because he established the traditional Roman distinction between the patricians and the plebeians. There was so much conflict between the patricians and plebeians. Both groups were very political and that’s why they did not get along well. The reason for all the conflict was that the senate was mostly patricians, so they were responsible of making new laws. This made the plebeians form their own legislative assembly. They called themselves the Consilium Plebis. After all the conflicts between the plebeians and patricians, finally in 287 B.C.E. they agreed to bind legislation on all citizens. This established equal citizenship for all. At about the same time this when Rome established a powerful military as well as an empire. In 264 B.C.E. is when the Punic Wars started and they ended in 146 B.C.E. This war was fought between Rome and Carthage. Basically the three wars resulted in the destruction of Carthage and the Romans gaining territories. This is how the Roman Empire expanded and got stronger. After this a Civil war among Roman politics soon erupted. The general of this war was Lucius Cornelius Sulla which ruled as dictator from 82 to 79 B.C.E. In the war he murdered thousands of his opponents and introducing a new constitution. There were also struggles of power between Gaeus Pompeius Magnus and Gaius Julius Caesar which ended in 48 B.C.E. with Caesar’s defeat of Pompey. After Caesar became dictator of the empire the civil wars that followed brought the republic to an end. This is when Caesar Augustus became emperor and rebuilt the empire. After the Republic almost failed Caesar Augustus became an assumed power in 27 B.C.E. and restored the Republic. Caesar Augustus restored the Republic by him retaining power in his autocratic power over the Republic as a military dictator. After Caesar Augustus died there were five good emperors by the names Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius who ruled for a long time. They were all known for expanding the empire even bigger extending from Spain, Britain, Egypt, and the Sahara Desert. After this twenty-five emperors were murdered and also thousands of people died from the plague. This is when the empires borders started began to be threatened by barbarians. After this happened Diocletian came along in 284 B.C.E. and briefly restored order by dividing the emperor into four tetrarchies. During the Roman Empire the Romans created beautiful and amazing architectural structures as well as artwork. The city of Rome had an amazing layout. The city had walls, streets, temples, blocks, theaters, and baths. The baths were meant to be for social gatherings and work outs. Around the city of Rome there were trenches which symbolized were the culture…
Throughout History, ancient civilizations have shared to the cultural and unreal life of humanity. These times were also called the golden ages, which included a stable government and strong economy.
One thing they contributed was the Silk Road got its name, from the good silk which people wanted in the Europe and Asia. The Silk Road wasn’t safe; it was dangerous because of thieves, stealing from merchants trying to sell their products. The trade was helping ancient China…
Greco-Roman AP Euro
The Greco-Roman civilization is known as the foundation of all western civilization such as, the United States, Europe and other country's that have westernized. There are very important components to the Greco-Roman civilization known as language, culture, government and religion.
A component of the Greco-Roman civilization as said earlier is language…
two types of civilizations we have studied this semester - river valley and Mediterranean. Explain how their natural environments influenced their formation and focus. Also discuss how their geography impacted political structure, cultural development, achievements and technology, and religious beliefs.
River Valley Civilizations:
Mesopotamia: Tigris and Euphrates (Sidney)
Egypt: The Nile (June)
India: Indus (Sidney)
China: Chang and Huang He (June)
Mediterranean Civilizations: (Ania)
The Roman empire was an extremely powerful force in the in the western world at
during its time, but not because of its own technological and mathematical engineering. Rome
was always in Greece’s shadow for much of its advances, philosophically, in the arts,
mathematically, and culturally.
Economically, Rome and Greece were very similar.
Greek and Roman people were a
majority farmers and Greece and Rome had commercial agriculture, which was one of the
leading forces in the creation of the empire and trade…
I have always been interest in the structure of armies and that of battle tactics. This innate interest could come from my love of the military, which I was a part of the United States Army so as you can tell there are like interests. The operation of the armies of centuries ago was complete different from what modern day warfare is like. I would consider it to be of a more violent nature in my opinion due to the close contact with swords and spears. All this being…
Ancient Roman Art
The Roman culture has many different interesting architectures, The Roman art architecture can be characterized as a combination of different inspirations from many other civilizations, for example as the Greeks and Etruscans. The Romans created these influences together and also developed artistic styles that by the time became their own. Roman art showed many different kind of subjects, with the hard wok and generosity, to mythology as well as religion. Roman architecture is…
essay on Romans
Are you sitting comfortably? There are many factors which influenced the development of Romans. Though Romans is a favourite topic of discussion amongst monarchs, presidents and dictators, it is impossible to overestimate its impact on modern thought. It is estimated that that Romans is thought about eight times every day by those most reliant on technology, who just don't like that sort of thing. Complex though it is I shall now attempt to provide an exaustive report on Romans and its…
ideological landscape of western civilization. This era was accompanied by a rapidly growing belief system of humanism in which individuals were increasingly more important. Many of the greatest thinkers, sculptors, and painters were a part of this movement including Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci. Three main converging factors led to the start of the Renaissance and the rebirth of western civilization.
One of these factors was an already existent admiration of Greco-Roman culture. The Christian world…
Ancient Civilizations Matrix
HUM/100 INTRO TO THE HUMANITIES THE ANCIENT WORLD TO MEDIEVAL TIMES
Early Civilizations Matrix
Using your readings and outside sources complete the following matrix. Be sure to address the following in your matrix:
• Provide names, titles, dates, brief descriptions of important events, and other details as necessary.
• Note the details of key political, socioeconomic, technological, artistic, musical, architectural, philosophical, and literary developments for…
Western Civilization: Beginnings to Present
Although Western culture has been defined by both Christian and secular values across the course of time, the West’s primary goal is to achieve economic supremacy, using Christian and secular philosophies, as well as colonization and technological innovation as means to achieve this goal.
Of the features that define western culture, the most unique is democracy. Originating in ancient Athens, democracy created a sense of pride in one’s government which…