Topic Description: I plan to write specifically about three structures, the Roman Forum, The Colosseum and the Pantheon. I have long been fascinated of Roman architecture, the style, how it was built, why it was built etc. and one day seeing these great structures in person myself. What I know about the Roman Forum already is that it was used basically like the city center, it contained temples, schools, courts, and used for trade of merchandise. I would like to know perhaps how long it took to build, how exactly it changed the lifestyle and “urbanization” of the early empire. For the Colosseum, I know it was built for the use of a theatre, and theatre was a big part of early roman empire. I also know it was one of the largest structures built around the time period. I would like to know how it was designed to be built and perhaps who came up with the idea. The Pantheon is a very massive and beautiful temple built by a man very close to Augusts. I would like to know what the structure was built out of and how the large dome was designed and preserved for all these years.
The Roman Forum – designed by Vitruvius, first establishments were said to have been built around 7th century BC, during the alliance between Romulus and Titus Tatlus. After Julius Caesar’s death, in the early roman empire, the forum was finally finished, around 29 BC. The Roman Forum’s size was around 820 feet by 560 feet.
The Colosseum – Construction on the Colosseum began around 70 AD under the rule of Vespasian, it was built of concrete and stone and located in the center of Rome. The Colosseum is exactly 615 feet long, 510 feet wide and 157 feet high.
The Pantheon – commissioned by Marcus Agrippa in Rome in 27 BC, the Pantheon is 276 feet long, 190 feet wide and 190 feet tall and was built out of concrete and granite.
Thesis Statement: In the birth of a new empire, the Roman Republic became dominant as ever after the fall of Julius Caesar in the Ides of March; with the spread of Romanization, greater stability and flourishing arts, a new form of architectural urbanization was introduced to the inhabitants of the Republic through buildings such as the Roman Forum, the Colosseum and the Pantheon.
Outline of Essay:
Introduction: Thesis statement and more in depth of the historical and cultural background introducing the Early Roman Empire. Introduction to the