U.S Civil Rights Biographical study
Examine the importance of this individual within the movement and the significance of their words and actions in challenging the established social and political order.
Born in February the 4th 1913, Tuskegee, Alabama, United States.
Died October 24th 2005 aged 92, in Detroit, Michigan, United States.
Married Raymond Parks on December the 8th, 1932.
On Thursday, December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks had finally had enough of being treated as a second-class citizen.
When the bus driver tells her to move to the back of the bus, she simply says no and refuses to get off her seat.
Rosa Parks is promptly arrested for violating segregation laws.
Friday December 2nd, Nixon calls a meeting of black leaders to discuss how to fight bus segregation.
Knowing that the bus system depends heavily on the African-American community, the black leaders agree to call a boycott (to refuse to buy something or to take part in something as a way of protesting.) of all city buses on Monday, December 5th.
Slowly but surely the bus company begins to lose money – 75% of its riders are black and they have all joined the boycott.
Almost one year after Rosa Park’s refusal to give up her seat, the Supreme Court rules on November 13, 1956 that Montgomery’s segregation laws are unconstitutional (not in keeping with the basic principles or laws set forth in the constitution of a state or country, especially the Constitution of the United States.)
Rosa Parks was born in February the 4th 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama, United States.
On Thursday, December 1st 1955, Rosa Parks had finally had enough of being treated as a second-class citizen. She boards a city bus to go home, tired as she is, she walks past the first few, mostly empty rows of seats marked “Whites Only.” It is against the law for an African American like her, to sit in these seats. Parks finally settles for a seat in the middle of the bus. Black people are only allowed to sit in this section as long as no white person is standing. However, Rosa Parks hated these segregation laws and was fighting for civil rights for more than 10 years, until this day; she had never been one to break rules. At one of the stops, the driver noticed that all the seats in the “White Only” section were taken and white people had just climbed aboard. Mrs Parks row were ordered to move to the back of the bus, where there are no open seats. After the driver barked at the black passengers a second time, they all get up, except for Rosa Parks.
As an African-American, Parks had to put up with terrible treatment on city buses, as well as in stores, restaurants, movie theatres etc. Rosa Parks had enough. She simply says no to the bus driver and refuses to give up her seat. The angry bus driver returns to the bus with a policeman. Mrs Parks is promptly arrested for violating segregation laws. Mr Nixon, a friend and long-time civil rights leader, posts her bail. Although Rosa Parks was not the first African American to be treated unfairly, he was determined to try and make her the last. The following afternoon, Nixon called a meeting of black leaders and discussed how to fight bus segregation. Knowing that the city