A. Most are [ ] , some are [ ] (yeasts).
B. Major Features
1. Cell walls are composed of [ ] (a strong, flexible polysaccharide)
2. The basic structural units that make up multicellular fungus are [ ]
3. Hyphae can be [ ] or [ ]
C. Nutrition Fungi digest food before they ingest it, many produce [ ] to break down organic matter, and all are [ ] .
1. [ ] fungi – Feeds on dead organisms or organic wastes.
2. [ ] fungi – Absorbs nutrients from the living cells of another organism.
3. [ ] fungi – Live in a mutualistic relationship with another organism. D. Reproduction in Fungi
1. [ ] – A new cell develops while attached to the parent cell and then the plasma membrane pinches off to separate.
2. [ ] – When the mycelium is physically broken or fragmented, lands in a new location suitable for growing, and they hyphae grow to produce a new mycelium.
3. [ ] production – Occurs in most asexual and sexual life cycles of fungi. a. Adaptations for survival [ ] [ ] [ ] b. Sporophores The [ ] [ ] of a sporeforming fungus
Classification of fungi is based primarily on the type of [ ] it produces. II. Diversity of Fungi * Classification – [ ] major phyla based on fungal structure and methods of reproduction
A. Chytridiomycota a. Some are [ ] , others are [ ] . b. Most are [ ] and produce [ ] spores. c. [ ] containing cell walls
B. Zygomycota a. Considered “[ ] ” (example: bread mold Rhizopus stolonifer) b. Mostly [ ] and live in [ ] relationships with plants c. Life cycle reproduce asexually and sexually
C. Ascomycota a. Contains [ ] than any other phylum of fungi b. Referred to as [ ] c. Most are [ ] ([ ] are unicellular) d. Life cycle – Can reproduce sexually and asexually
D. Basidiomycota a. [ ] are the most commonly recognized type of fungus b. Referred