A schema Theory is cognitive structure that provides a famework for organizing information. schemas can be useful because they allow us to take shortcuts in interpreting the vast amount of information that is available in our environment. Schema Theory helps us understand further explanations, experience, knowledge, and memory. The participants’ memory for this story was tested by Bartlett by using techniques, serial reproduction and repeated reproduction. In serial reproduction, the participants reads the original story and then reproduce it on paper. The most important findings related to the participants introduced in their recall of the story. Several of these distortions were in the directions of making the story more understandable from within the participants’ experiences and cultural background. Schema Theory helps us to understand the memory distortions as well as social cognition. The most important findings related to the distortions the participants introduced in their recall of the story. Several of these distortions were in the direction of making the story more understandable from within the participants’ experience and cultural background. It is not clear how schema in people are acuired and how they actually influence the cognitive process. Participants in this study watched seven flim clips of different car accidents. After each flim clips, participants described what the saw and answred a number of question about it. one of the question, the critical question, asked about the speed of the cars in the accident. Loftus and Palmer’s finding can be explained by Bartlett’s view of memory as an active reconstructive process.