1) Historical Context of Schooling in America
a) "here we go again"
b) emphasis on:
i) standards ii) quality
3) Control at different levels
4) the fight about who we are as a society
5) Citizens become citizens of a country through education
6) economies and finances
7) choice, assessments and accountability
8) professional roles of teachers
a) "who gets to be a teacher"
b) what's the role of a teacher
c) when do we get to make decisions and when do others
-Free public education only in big towns but in other places, schooling was not free and it was not as available
-Dame schools were the earliest form of daycare
-Lessons were linked to the protestant bible, and the protestant catechisms.
-some older boys went to grammar schools
-schooling- it was seen as a way to preserve the statue qoe
Private vs. Public
Religion and education
-most people had enough education to read taxes, the Bible and the newspaper.
-Noah Webster wanted to eliminate British texts from schools so he wrote his own book called the Blue Back Speller, which teaches about America. It also has different words then the British language and it is the forerunner to the Webster's English Dictionary.
January 10, 2014
Jefferson drafted a proposal that said that you had 3 years of public education
-this would weed people out so that the smartest could go on to college and then presidential men.
- only men could go to college
-women till they were 8
- no slaves
This idea was considered radical and it was denied many times. But Jefferson thought that education was essential to democracy
Who was educated?
Horris Mann- politician
-was on Massachusetts state senate and became the first secretary of education.
-he would go to each facility to see it most schools did not look good
-they did their work and recited their lessons at the same time
-materials were inadequate
-lashes were not unheard of.
He wanted to change public education
- common schools, equal body of knowledge.
-no class standards
-funded by tax dollars
-was turned down immediately
Recommended many things such as books, chairs with backs and black boards
Jefferson and Mann disliked the idea that just because you were born into a certain, that you are subject that the families fate.
By this time half of the population of NYC were immigrants.
-Irish Catholics- poor and in need of education. though all the schools are free, they were also protestant.
John Hughs- a catholic father, launched a rally about education and religion.
The Irish Catholics refused to be part of an education system that only taught protestant values so they refused to go to school.
The 1840 school debates were a bunch of ministers all against John Hughs and thus states the long debates of church and state.
2/3s of African Americans lived in the south were they could not be educated. The north they were free but segregated.
Public vs private
Fredrick Douglas- got 90 African Americans to petition to an end to segregation in public schools.
- their schools were in bad condition but no action was taken
-Benjamin Roberts tried to enroll his daughter in a school closer to where they lived and she was kicked out of all of them. she was denied because of race.
Charles Summers- abolitionist
Judge Shaw- ruled against them
1855 but the law was eventually passed.
Civil War ended
- slaves free to become literate
-no one was too old or too young to learn
As people went west, the need for schools increased to make a town more valuable and make people want to settle there. the schools would get kids from miles and miles around.
Wealthy areas- had buildings with wooden walls and built in