A crime that never occurred. Convicted felons, alleged perpetrators, rapist, and criminals are all stereotypes of the African American man. These where also stereotypes used in two similar cases, “The Scottsboro Nine” and “Central Park Five”. In 1931 and again in 1989 these two groups of males were accused of rapping white women. African American men over the course of decades have struggled for justice and inequality; have been falsely convicted with an insufficient amount of evidence, negatively portrayed in the media, and racially profiled for generations. During the Depression year of 1931 hoboing was used as a common form of pastime. Riding freight trains was an adventure used for escaping the toil of everyday lives. On March 25, 1931, four black teenagers in search of work along with five other black teens from Georgia boarded the freight train. Among these passengers were an additional four whites, two males and 2 females. While walking through the freight one of the white males steps on the hand of Haywood Patterson one of the black youths. A fight then broke out between the two ethnic groups. Eventually all the whites where forced off the train, except one. After losing the fight the whites left at Stevenson, Alabama went to the nearest police station and reported the incident as an assault by a gang of blacks. The stationmaster called ahead and had the train stopped in Paint Rock, Alabama. At the stopping of the train armed men surrounded the freight captured and arrested the nine boys. They where then taken to jail for assault and attempted murder in Scottsboro where they became known as “The Scottsboro Boys”. The two white females aboard the train Victoria Price and Ruby Bates said to have came in contact with the group of black boys. They told one of the members of the boys that they where raped by another gang of 12 blacks The two women, who had had sexual relations with some of the white men thrown off the train where in fear of prosecution for their sexual activity with the white men so they agreed to testify against the black youths. When brought into questioning, Victoria Price pointed to detectives that six of the nine boys brought in were their perpetrators. With no…
“Battle Royal” by Ralph Ellison provides a realistic portrait of the difficulty of being a black person in a community dominated by white men. Mr. Ellison uses several symbols in “Battle Royal” to illustrate the black struggle for equality. The story takes place in the southern United States in the 1950s when black people were starting to stand up for their rights and had a voice. The story is narrated by a young man who rises above his peers in school and is near graduation from high school.…
The Steps on Donating Blood
There are a lot of steps before and after donating blood. A process must be followed; the procedures must be taken in order to prepare a potential donor. Making the connection, getting prepared, and then finishing up with a rest to send the patient on his/her way. In following these procedures the donor has saved at least 5 lives.
First of all making a connection…
fashion by the mass media
Raceless Future Paradigm
That race (and gender) distinctions would be eliminated with
technology was perhaps the
of the digital age
Best seen through the experience of early settlers, white, male, middle
class, and college educated
The Digital Divide
in the public
sphere and the bodiless, color-blind mythotopias of cybertheory and
commercial advertising The racialized digital divide narrative that circulates have become the unacknowledged…
The Scottsboro Trial Presentation Transcript
1. The Scottsboro Trial Travesty of Justice
2. The Event The case of the Scottsboro Boys arose in Scottsboro, Alabama during the 1930s Nine black youths, ranging in age from thirteen to twenty-one, accused of raping two white women, one of whom would later recant.
3. The Details March 25, 1931: Fight between a group of black men and a group of white men riding in a train. Nine black youths were arrested on charges of assault. Two young white women…
U.S. Commission on Civil Rights
In this article, it state that historically, discrimination against minorities and women was not only accepted, but it was also governmentally required. While minorities were suffering from white supremacy, women were suffering from male supremacy. The most common form of discrimination rests at the level of prejudiced individual attitudes and behaviors. Not only is discrimination practiced by individuals, there can be organizational discrimination. This is often…
Stories of Scottsboro
Stories of Scottsboro by James Goodman is an in-depth look at the case and overall events that occurred when nine black men are accused of raping two young white women. The black men range in age from thirteen to nineteen. And the two women whom they are accused of raping are seventeen and twenty-one years old. The men are arrested in March of 1931 at a train depot in Paint Rock Alabama after getting into a fight with a group of white men around the same age on the train earlier…
Perspectives on Homosexuality
Historical and Scientific Perspectives on Homosexuality
After reading chapter 10, I have learned that people of ancient Greece men had sexual relationships with adolescent males at the age of a youngster first growing a beard. If you where to look close at a Greek vases is of an older man inserting his penis between the Youngster's thighs and thrusting until he ejaculates. The Romans known as feminine gay men who dressed outrageously…
Richard Wright’s autobiography Black Boy shows how his confusion over race relations profoundly impacted his life. Growing up in the woods of Mississippi, the story presents Richard’s awareness that two races, black and white, exist but his failure to fully understand race relations led to a lot of struggle in his life, causing him to assume the role of “black boy” as expected by society.
From a young age, an innocent Richard views no difference between black and white people. His lack of awareness is…
discounted cash flow method (DCF). There are other methods I will touch on such as market multiples. This step by step guide should provide solid basis for how to value a company.
Discounted Cash Flow Valuation: Step by Step.
Step 1. Determine our forecast period. 5 years will be about as far out as we want to go. The further out we project, the less accurate the projections will be.
Step 2. It’s important to find the free cash flows of the firm we are looking into. We will want to make a realistic…
many similarities between the Scottsboro trial and the trial of Tom Robinson in the novel, To Kill a Mockingbird. “No crime in American history—let alone a crime that never occurred—produced as many trials, convictions, reversals, and retrials as did an alleged gang rape of two white girls by nine black teenagers on a Southern railroad freight run on March 25, 1931” (Linder 1). The author of To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee, was a young girl during the Scottsboro trial and based the trial of Tom…