The patterns of migration after WWII was changing significantly even though Australia still tried to push the White-Australia Policy for a few years after the war with the campaigns mentioned earlier – ‘Bring out a Briton’ campaign and the ‘Nest-egg scheme. Although Australia took in a massive amount of Southern-Europeans after the war, they were taken in solely on the fact that they were escapees from the war, with most of them being prisoners. They had no home and nowhere to go so they sought refuge in other countries and Australia gave them an opportunity, a second chance, to start a new life in Australia. A major racial group that immigrated into Australia at this time was the Italians:
It was a harsh country for Italian immigrants to work during the post World War 2 period. Mass migration ensued as a result of Prime Minister Menzies bold migration policy. During the period of 1951 to 1961, 170,000 Italians immigrated to Australia, mostly as unassisted immigrants. Italians packed ships with very little, followed relatives who had established themselves, many tried to make a living and send money back to their relatives suffering from severe poverty in post war Italy, or they simply wanted to create a new and better future for their families. Many came to Australia from Italy with little or no money, nothing but the clothes they were wearing and a suitcase. They came to Australia during the booming Australian economy; As a result, many Italians had been called to work as soon as they disembarked from the ships that brought them here.
During the huge influx of Italian immigration into Australia in the period of the late 1940’s to the 1960’s, while many Australians were welcoming of their new Italian visitors during this period, there were also many who were not. Assimilation was very difficult for the Italians. Also a large proportion of them had