More Global Interactions C. 1450 CE To 1750s

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WHAP Review Semester B
More Global Interactions, c. 1450 CE to c. 1750 CE

8.01 The Chinese Empire
During this time, China had two major empires, the Ming from (1368 to 1644) and the Qing from (1644 – 1911)
The Ming achieved scientific and cultural success, particularly in the fields of porcelain and literature, but fell to rebellion
The Qing also had success in its beginning, but became stagnant as the West move forward
8.02 Rise of the Ottomans
This dynasty began in the 1200s and lasted for 6 centuries
Suleiman the Magnificent was the greatest Ottoman sultan, and the empire reached its height with him. He was a powerful military leader, lawgiver, and instituted public works.
8.03 The Ottoman Empire
The empire expanded to include Arabia, North Africa, the Balkans, and the Byzantine Empire
Women were not treated equal to men, but had influence in the household
Christians and Jews were protected as “people of the book” but also had limitations
The empire declined due to weak sultans, a subpar military due to entitled janissaries, economic problems, and revolts.
8.04 The Mughal Empire
The empire was founded in the 1500s by Babur, who faced the task of uniting a diverse people
Akbar led the empire to its height with policies of tolerance, which led to blossoming culture and art
Aurangzeb expanded the empire to its greatest extent, but ended Akbar’s religious tolerance policies
8.05 Culture of Islamic Empires
In all three empires, the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal, women’s rights were very limited
These empires shared many features because of their Islamic roots
They all declined because they failed to adapt to Western innovation and suffered from lackluster leadership, economic distress, and military weakness.
8.06 Ming & Qing Dynasties in China
The Ming saw great success in the 1500s and 1600s due to agricultural changes and advances in irrigation
The Manchu took over to form the Qing dynasty, which prospered and benefitted from Western appreciation of Chinese goods
In both dynasties, the societal system was very hierarchal, and women had fewer rights than men
8.07 Toward Unification in Japan
During the Era of Independent Lords, Japan was fragmented into hundreds of kingdoms that were ruled by daimyo and had samurais
In the 1600s, shogun invaded and began to the reunite the region; Tokugawa Ieyasu succeeded and formed the Tokugawa shogunate
8.08 The Tokugawa Period
During this period, the nation cut itself off from Western influences in order to protect itself
Neo-Confucianism was the dominant philosophy, which combined aspects of Confucianism and Buddhism
Japan also experienced an increase in agriculture and upward climb of its merchant class
8.09 DBQ Women/Flow of Silver
Compared the roles of women in different societies

Industrialization and Globalization, c. 1750 CC to c. 1900 CE

9.01 Trends from 1750 to 1914
During this time, the Industrial Revolution changed the economies of many Western nations, as well as the roles of women
Great thinkers such as Locke, Voltaire, and Rousseau rose during this time, along with the Enlightenment
The Anatomy of a Revolution by Crane Brinton modeled the stages of a revolution
9.02 American & French Revolutions
The American revolution came about as Britain attempted to raise taxes to pay for the French and Indian War, which Americans had “no representation” in
The American revolution helped inspire the French, who’s Third Estate was overburdened
Power changed hands from the Assembly to the radicals who ran the Reign of Terror, to Napoleon Bonaparte
9.03 Napoleonic Era & Revolutions Abroad
The Napoleonic Wars inspired nationalism across Europe, despite return to peace during the Congress of Vienna
The Haitian revolution led by Toussaint L’Ouverture was one of the only successful slave revolts in history
The revolutions also inspired change in Latin America, but democracy faltered in the individual nations and