Shakespeare establishes his theme by shifting procreational beauty to the idea of immortalized beauty. Shakespeare's use of personification, literal meanings, and metaphors enables him to illustrate his compassion in the idea of immortality.
In Sonnet 18 Shakespeare uses personification heavily in giving objects human qualities to reflect establish mortality in his muse. Doing so, helps the reader relate to the object to life and death. The first instance of personification is in the first quatrain , Shakespeare writes,
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, meaning Winds choke the lovely buds with hands of May.
By giving natural element life, Shakespeare is able to express different emotions and can also express beauty as well as unevenness. In Sonnet 18, those whom are unfamiliar with the writing of Shakespeare may think or feel they have to decipher what they’re reading. In some instances this is true, but not for all. This is where literal meanings play an important role in understanding some important ideas. For example his use of metaphors and comparisons that show his love for a female, hence the beginning of the sonnet,
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Understanding his language becomes more simplistic once it is analyzed while keeping literary term in mind. However, in the lines after the destruction of a nice day, he makes us smile by the comments he showers on his love. He tells us that his love’s beauty shall remain the same at all times. “…thy…shall not fade.” He places an exclamation on that line by using the word eternal. It gives us the feeling that her beauty is one that will last until the end of the earth. Shakespeare then goes on to speak about how exquisite she is. n "Sonnet 18," Shakespeare shows his audience that his love will be preserved through his "eternal lines" of poetry by comparing his love and poetry with a summer's day. Shakespeare then uses personification to emphasize these comparisons and make his theme clearer to his audience. Shakespeare also uses repetition of single words and ideas throughout the sonnet in order to stress the theme that his love and poetry are eternal, unlike other aspects of the natural world. Using the devices of metaphor, personification, repetition, and progression of tone, Shakespeare reveals his theme that the natural world is imperfect and transitory while his love is made eternal through his lines of poetry.
Shakespeare uses metaphors to show one object or idea having the same qualities as another. For example, he introduces metaphor within the first line of the sonnet when he asks the rhetorical question, "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?" Shakespeare uses this as a comparison because a "summer's day" is something with incredible beauty but is still not as beautiful as Shakespeare's love. The fact that Shakespeare chose to compare his love to a summer's day and not a day of another season helps to emphasize the eternity of his love and his poems. During the summer, the days are longer than in any other season. Even still, Shakespeare's love lasts longer than a summer's day. Furthermore, Shakespeare compares the "eye of heaven" having its "gold complexion dimmed" to the setting of the sun. He uses the human characteristic of "complexion" and the sun setting in nature to show his idea that all things in nature advance and grow old over time and, as the sun sets and the summer day ends, the "gold complexion" is "dimmed" and progresses further into decay. Next, Shakespeare compares a human life to the summer's day when he speaks about "thy eternal summer."
Shakespeare's sonnet 18 is a poem written to his beloved comparing him/her to a summer's day. What was the purpose of this poem and what is its true meaning behind the obvious? What is he saying exactly? For me this is almost hieroglyphics seeing as it is