1. Holocaust, meaning great destruction or slaughter on a mass scale resulting in the extensive loss of life, especially by fire. ‘The’ Holocaust was the genocide of European Jews and others by the Nazis during World War II. Genocide is the intentional killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation.
2. Stereotyping is defined as a preconceived or oversimplified generalization about an entire group of people/person that conforms to an image. Prejudice is an irrational, negative attitude toward a category of people. Stereotyping and prejudice are not the same thing, but are somewhat linked to one another. Stereotyping is the act of labeling a specific classification or trait to a person strictly based on a person's ethnic background, gender, age, etc. But prejudice is a negative term. Unlike stereotypes, prejudice is not way positive. Stereotyping and prejudice are a way of classifying people into groups but the difference is one is a positive way and one is negative.
3. Race is a classification system used to categorize humans into large and distinct populations or groups by cultural, ethnic, genetic, religious, or social affiliation. Racism is discrimination directed against someone of a different race based on such a belief. The Nazis found racism useful because they were racists. They believed that some ‘races’ were better than others. Racism is a type of hatred. Hatred can easily lead to violence. When the Nazis gained power in 1933 their racist beliefs were well known but few people expected them to use violence against the people they ruled.
4. Education involves the seeking of facts, and learning about what is the truth, and what is not. Indoctrination is aimed at influencing people to believe in facts, without being able to back up these newfound facts with anything but opinion. Hitler used the indoctrinate philosophy of teaching; he used it to control what the people in Germany would hear and learn about. His goal was to make everyone think what he wanted them to, so he would be in complete control of them.
5. Propaganda is basically information, of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view. The objective of propaganda is aimed at enemy nations, to break down their will to fight.
6. Power is the ability to do something or act in a particular way. Power is control. Yes, there is good and bad power. Power is/can be good. As long as you use that power for good. But if you use power for bad doings, it's bad. The relationship between power and evil is that power can be used for evil and power can be used for good. “When we have every justification to kill, but we don’t.” Shindler said this in the movie, which represents both portions. He could use his power for evil but he didn’t. He used it for good.
7. Hope is a feeling of expectation and desire for a certain thing to happen. Hope is key to surviving. Without hope you are more likely to give up. Shindler’s Jews lost everything. And they kept hope, even when their families were murdered, possessions were taken, they were beaten and put in bad situations, they still believed things would work out for the best. And for few it did.
8. Empathy is the ability to understand and share the feelings of another. An example of empathy in the movie is when the Jews were in the cattle cars and were thirsty, and Shindler ordered hoses to spray water in the cars. He felt sorry for the condition that they were in.
9. Characteristics of a hero are Bravery, Courage, Determination, Dedication, Endurance, Perseverance, Valor, Selflessness, Sacrifice and Humility. People become heroes by living and doing things the right way, whether anyone's watching or not and by putting the needs of others ahead of his/her own. An example of a hero in my everyday life is a nurse. Nurses take care of their patients and do whatever possible to keep them safe and