To the Greeks, we owe almost all our ideas as to the fundamentals of art, literature, and philosophy, in fact, of almost all the parts of our intellectual life. These Greeks however did not form a single unified nation. They lived in many "city-states" of fluctuating importance, and some of the largest of these contributed very little directly to our civilization. Sparta, for example, has left us some rich lessons in simple living and devoted patriotism, but hardly a single great poet, and barely a philosopher or sculptor. When we look closely, we see that the civilized life of Greece, during the centuries when it was accomplishing the most, was all centered at Athens. Without Athens, Greek history would lose three quarters of its significance, and modern life and thought would become definitely much more bland and poorer. We would not even be able to begin to imagine the difference in our everyday existence if it weren’t for the Athenians. The contributions of Athens to our own life are so important, because they touch upon almost every side of what was thought to be, and still is, all that is beautiful and true about ourselves. It is even truer that the results the Athenian genius’ developed deserve our full attention as any group of people. It is obvious such large figures like Sophocles, Plato, and Socrates were not isolated people; they developed their genius in the society around them. To understand the Athenian civilization and genius it is not enough to know what we know today, the wars, the…
Ancient Greece: People and Events
The Minoans were the inhabitants of ancient Crete. The Minoans were an early part of the Bronze era which was 3000 BC to 1100 BC. They used and essentially began with the linear writing system which eventually led in Greek as their writing style, a language which has yet to be deciphered but may believe that it represents a form of early Greek writing. It was used for religious and accounting purposes from about 1800-1450 BC. Soon after…
April 18 2013
Gender Roles in Athens and Sparta
The ancient Greek city-states of Sparta and Athens are much known and have played a big role in history. Their ways and customs have affected the United States and many other countries around. Although they are both located in Greece these two city states are different in many ways. From governmental organizations to education these two are very different. The gender roles that are played by males and females , especially females…
Acropolis,which located in central Athens acropolis hill, is the most outstanding ancient Greek buildings. Greek for “Acropolis” means “high city” or “Takaoka on the city-state.” As a representative work of ancient Greek architecture, Acropolis of Athens has reached the highest level of sacred buildings, temples, orders and sculptures in ancient Greece. These ancient buildings can be rated as the heritage of mankind and architectural masterpiece, and hold an important position in architecture history…
aristocracy: rule by the wealthy or the landowners
courtesans: prostitutes with wealthy clients
Comparing Athens and Sparta:
Where Would You Rather Live, and Why?
Approximately 140,000; Approximately
40,000 men were citizens; and slaves
(about 40,000). By 432 BC, Athens had
become the most populous citystate in
Hellas. In Athens and Attica, there were
at least 150,000 Athenians, around
50,000 aliens, and more than 100,000
Golden Age of Athens
In 490BCE, Athens began to gain power and posed a threat to the Persians. The Persians declared war on Athens; the Persians outnumbered the Athenians 2:1. As a last resort, Athens sent Thydibides to ask for the assistance of the Spartans. After running 140 miles in 2 days, the Spartan’s refused Thybidides’ plea.
In a miracle-like event, the Athenians were victorious over the Persians, killing nearly 6000 men in one day. This battle at Marathon became one of Athens’ defining moments…
Persia and Athens are different in terms of militaristic accomplishments and economic systems but they are far more similar in these aspects due to geographic proximity.
During the Persian Wars, Persia and Athens fought on separate sides with different levels of experience and resources. In these wars, Greece, meaning Athens and Sparta, fought for their independence while Persia fought to conquer Greece after they rejected King Darius’s proposal. of obtaining Greece peacefully Greece won the…
about the rise about the rises and falls of Athens. The filmmaker Anthony Geffen covered both the fourth and fifth centuries B.C. Actors were also used to portray historical events and people during this period. The documentary starts with the history of Athens beginning with the rule of Peisistratus whom transformed the city. He needed allies, in that way his son could have the throne. Peisistratus encouraged farming and provided loans and soon Athens was exporting olive oil to nations around the…
Honors History Citizenship in Athens and Rome: Which was the better system?
Did you know that in 500 BCE, individuals were generally regarded as subjects not citizens? But by the sixth century BCE ordinary people began playing more significant roles in the life of Athenians and romans. Both Athens and Rome had a good system of citizenship, but Rome had a better system. Rome had a better citizenship than Athens because they had less requirements, they were more organized, and they gave their…
Ancient Greece-a society that shaped the world to come. There are several reasons I chose this particular society over all the others. One reason would be the way that ancient Greece existed as a large culmination of city-states (a city-state being a central city and its surrounding villages, which together follow the same law, have one form of government, and share languages, religious beliefs, and ways of…