Peter Singer, an Australian moral philosopher, has created an exquisite consequentialism theory on global poverty. His idea is that it’s our ethical responsibility to help those who are in an unfortunate state then us because it would bring about better consequences than spending extra money on ourselves. Many, many people have taken it upon themselves to combat this idea and sadly I think they are more like excuses than anything. A few that stuck out are that people are two far away to help so “I” shouldn’t, and another being that what Singer is suggesting is way too demanding, that it is not possible for all to help out, and finally that it could cause people to react negatively and withdraw. Addressing the first one is easy; help is help the distance doesn’t matter. The second argument happens to be a more reputable argument. Singer responded to it by saying “maybe we should draw the line between what is required and what is not so as to help the most people, but it’s not obvious that excludes requiring people to give away lots of money to the poor.” I agree with Singers idea there, yet I view this problem in a different way. How do we determine who needs help? I completely understand that helping someone is helping no matter how you look at it, but hypothetically if Singers idea was put into effect and made mandatory, who is determined as worthy of help? As well as how do we help? Many times food and water have lead to war or other events. Reverting back to Singer I do…
Ethical Theories Compared
This is a quick overview of some relations between utilitarian, deontological, and Aristotelian ethical theories. For links to many excellent internet resources on these ethical theories and others, see Lawrence Hinman's Ethics Updates site.
Rosalind Hursthouse's Comparison
Here is a brief indication of the way Rosalind Hursthouse describes the relationships between the three kinds of theory in the first section of her essay "Virtue Theory and Abortion":
As one would start to study Kant and his ethical theories its easy to see that Kant was a very simple and clear man. What that means is that his views where very cut and dry and very little room for debate. His views are simple, but just like anything there are both pros and cons to his theories. Immediately kants theory shows a flaw in Utilitarianism which is “a bad act can have good consequences” kants ethical theory refuts this. Kant instead provides moral laws that hold universally…
Ethics and the Internet
Duty- based ethical theory (Deontology)
Duty-based ethical theory is also called deontology. Deon means duty or obligation in Greek word. German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) wrote a critique of pure reason in 1781. He believed that there are higher principles that are good in every time, everywhere and in very situation. According to him, morality must be based on duties obligation that humans have to one another. So morality has nothing to do with…
November 28, 2012
There are three significant approaches in normative ethics such as quality ethics, deontological ethics, and utilitarianism. This paper will evaluate the resemblances and variations between quality concept, utilitarianism, and deontological principles. It will include information of the variations in how each concept details ethics and morality, and it will also discuss an experience to describe the…
Ethics add value to a person and in turn, to society. Ethics require a personal code, a set of beliefs and values that help us to make meaningful choices. The key word in this last statement is, “choice.” Perhaps the most beautiful aspect of humanity is the diversity of thought and lifestyle. I believe that ethics and diversity go hand in hand, as each individual has developed their codes based on their personal experiences and backgrounds. It is this fact that I do not believe in one set of ethics…
Phil 103 Ethics
I firmly believe that the divine command theory tells us that an act is either good or bad based off of that God either tells us we can do something or that we cannot do something. This is a hard theory for me to debate because if there is no “God” would we still not steal, or would we not steal because we have to deal with “societies” punishment for me or us. I would admit that I, myself believe this is a good theory based off that I am a Christian…
Compering Theories of Ethics
University of Phoenix
Compering Theories of Ethics
In my writing I will address similarity and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism and deontological ethics. Additionally, I will apply my personal experience as they relate to those three theories.
Virtue theory basically is centered on the idea that each individual is responsible for all ethical choices. According to our book material, this theory is “nonconsequential”…
U T I L I TA R I A N I S M
KAN T T H EORY
KA L E I S A J A C K S O N
Define: Ethical Theory
It serves as a foundation for ethical solutions
to difficult situations individuals encounter in
Ethical theory deals with how one should
behave in relation to someone else
Philosophers for centuries have come up with
theoretical ways to tell right from wrong and
providing ethical guidelines on how one
should carry and act in their life.
1. Why are Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle usually considered to be the founders of Western philosophical ethics?
* Because it was their determination to base ethics on reason, rather than on superstition or authority, laid the foundation upon which virtually all philosophers who followed would base their ideas and theories about morality.
2. Why do many people consider Socrates to be a martyr for truth and integrity?
* Socrates is considered by many to be a martyr for truth and integrity…
Similarities and Differences in Virtue Theory, Utilitarianism, and Deontological Ethics
When talking about ethics it is hard to distinguish between ethics and morality. It is also hard to distinguish exactly what realm of ethics contributes to my everyday decisions. Ethics can be defined as “well-founded standards of right and wrong that prescribe what humans ought to do, usually in terms of rights, obligations, benefits to society, fairness, or specific virtues [and] ethics refers to the study and development…