Colonial Latin America and British North America. These are two areas where people lived. These people are the Spaniards and the British. The two groups are very similar, but at the same time, entirely different. The aspects of their social norms or ways of living can be considered fairly pre-modern and similar. It is the differences that determine which group of colonies was better. So, which group was better, the British North Americans, or the Colonial Latin Americans? Which of them had the better system, the most productive way of living, the way that makes the most sense. Is it the social hierarchy of the British North Americans with family hierarchy, or the Colonial Latin Americans with racial hierarchy? The belief that would enter most people’s minds almost automatically would be that British North America seizes the title no questions asked. But this essay will discuss the later. Socially, the Colonial Latin Americans were far superior to the British North Americans. The structure of British North America and Colonial Latin America are similar. They are both hierarchies but in different ways. The British North American hierarchy was family, gender, and wealth based while the Colonial Latin American was different. If you were a European, it was based on your place of birth and how long you have been living in the new world. For the British North Americans, there were two different kinds of people. There were the “better sort” and the “common people” (Main). Everything was opinion based. If people thought highly of you, you were higher on the social ladder. However, if you were looked down on, you were lower. Land was a large factor of status. It “depended almost exclusively on the accumulation of landed wealth” and “possession of land” (Orosz, Main). Overall, the British North Americans were very petty in that way. They didn’t care about anything other than wealth. The people in Colonial Latin America were a little different. Here, social status depends on “birthplace and race” for the most part (Orosz). If a person was native born to Europe (both European parents and born in Europe), they were considered a higher class. While some of these people still had to work, they were high class. The people who were natives born in the new world had almost the exact same rights as the people born in Europe. However, they were looked down upon for being born in the new world. These people are called mestizos. They are one level to the hierarchy. The next level would be the slaves and indentured servants. They were used to complete more labor and were at the bottom of the food chain. As people not born to Spaniards, they were looked down upon. They did much of the work and were believed to be almost disgusting compared to the Spaniards. However, they did get work done. British North Americans did not really have a slavery system. And even if they did, it would most likely fall through with the focus on gaining the land of Cuba. The British put a lot of energy into getting this land and in the end, failed. The British still took a part in the slave trade and didn’t want to mess with it too much. To purchase or receive Cuba’s land could potentially do that. This risk could turn off the idea to the Cuban people of giving away their land. The Spanish had control of Cuba though and they did not want to lose their slaves. The British didn’t want to “meddle with the status of slavery” because they wanted to stay friends with the Spaniards (Rippy). The British needed help from Cuba. They had outstanding loans that Cuba could potentially help pay off. If the British could receive Cuba and get that help, they would be good. This is another reason the British are petty, they need help so they try to persuade another country by taking it. The Colonial Latin Americans had a different take on slaves. They embraced the concept. They didn’t try to take land from others to help pay off loans. They didn’t have loans because of the work…
came crashing down, upon the arrival of Spaniards in the New World. The birth of colonial nations came about in the same stride that death came to indigenous populations. Modern Latin America has conflict built into its system because that is what it has mostly seen for the past five hundred years. In Born in Blood and Fire: A Concise History of Latin America, John Charles Chasteen supports the argument that Latin America's problems developed due to its violent origins and history of conquest. From…
by leaving the League
The new militant Japanese national identity helped set the stage for global conflagration
Africa under colonial domination
Africa and the Great War
Many belligerents were colonial powers in Africa; nearly every colony took sides
German colonial administration faced combined colonial forces of Great Britain, France, Belgium, Italy, and Portugal
Britain sought to maintain naval supremacy and to secure victor's…
Hacienda systems were a fundamental part of life for the Spanish in Latin America. Wealth was distributed unevenly in Mexico during this time. The top social class consisted of People called Peninsulares. Peninsulares were given large grants of land to grow crops and raise cattle for trade. These grants of land were called Haciendas. The Haciendas included labor which consisted of the conquered peoples which were the Native Americans and Aztecs. These privileges however, were reserved only for the Peninsulares…
within and between local societies provided allies for European invaders.
• European germs and diseases to which Native Americans had no immunities decimated society after society, sometimes in advance of the Europeans’ actual arrival.
2. What large-scale transformations did European empires generate?
• European empire building caused the demographic collapse of Native American societies.
• Combinations of indigenous, European, and African peoples created entirely new societies in the Americas…
Peninsulares – in Spanish colonial society, colonist who were born in Spain
Creoles – in Spanish colonial society, a colonist who was born in Latin America to Spanish parents
Mestizos – a person of mixed Spanish and Native American history
Mulattos – persons of mixed European and African ancestry
Toussaint L’Ouverture – led enslaves Africans in a revolt against the French that ended slavery and resulted in the new nation of Haiti.
Simon Bolivar – Wealthy Venezuelan creole general.
Jose De San…
Tuesday, February 28, 12
-Settlement in a new country, forming a new community while still being subject to parent state
-Original concept does not refer to the encounter or conquering of peoples, and does not necessarily involve domination
-LATIN colonus = farmer
-Tends to involve the conquest and control of other peoples lands and goods
-“a practice of domination, which involves the subjugation of one people to another”
-European countries controlled…
weather you were royalty or a “common”.
Racism and ethnic discrimination in the United States has been a major issue since the colonial era and the slave era. Legally sanctioned racism sanctioned privileges and rights for white people not granted to Native Americans, African Americans, Asian Americans, and Latin Americans. European Americans (particularly Anglo Americans) were privileged by law in matters of literacy, immigration, voting rights, citizenship, land acquisition, and criminal procedure…
2. What effect did Thomas Paine have on the drive to independence and why?
3. What effect did Thomas Jefferson have on the drive to independence and why?
4. Who were the “Tories” and/or “Loyalists” and what percentage of the colonial population did they represent at the time independence was declared? What happened to many of the Loyalists as the war progressed?
5. Explain Washington’s military campaigns of 1776-1778. Which battle revealed him at his worst? Which at his…
(commoners), pochteca(merchants), and craftspersons
1519: An Empire in Decline?
End of “productive” conquest
Lack of social mobility
Resentment of conquered peoples
3. Atlantic Slave Trade (Colonial)
Labor and Colonialism
1600s-1740s: Colonial American economies already based on export: silver, sugar, cacao, dyes
1700s onward: Industrial revolution creates demand for raw materials and portable, urban calories
1740s to 1850s: Sugar, rum, molasses, coffee, cotton…
xviii. The British made settler colonies in Southern Africa, Australia, and New Zealand.
xix. The British and French expanded their influence in China through the Opium War. The British & The U.S. invested heavily in Latin America.
g. Imperialism impacting new State formation: Provide 1 detailed example for each
xx. The U.S. & Russia emulated European trans oceanic imperialism by expanding their land borders and conquering neighboring territories…