Smart Grid Technology 02 04 2014 Essay example

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html head style typetext/css html, body font-family Open Sans, Arial font-size 11pt line-height 16pt @page size auto margin 25mm 25mm 25mm 25mm span.tab width 2em height 10px display inline-block h1 font-weight 400 padding 0px margin 0 0 30px 0 h4 font-weight 400 font-style italic padding 0 0 15px 0 margin 0 0 30px 0 border-bottom 1px solid black /style /head meta http-equivContent-Type contenttext/html charsetutf-8 body h1Smart Grid Technology/h1 h4By shivam33g Studymode.com/h4 SMART GRID TECHNOLOGY IN TampDbr / br / span classtab/spanA smart grid is an umbrella term that covers modernization of both the transmission and distribution grids.The concept of a smart grid is that of a ldquodigital upgraderdquo of distribution and long distance transmission grids to both optimize current operations by reducing the losses,as well as open up new markets for alternative energy production India nbsphas a power gridnbspthat is ripe for renovation and transformation. More than anbspthird of the nationrsquos grid electricity is lostnbspto power theft and inefficiencies, and that doesnrsquot include the half of the population thatnbsphas no grid electricity at all. For those who do, daily blackouts are a common occurrence, and major system-wide failures, likenbsplast yearrsquos blackoutnbspthat left 600 million people in the dark, point to long-term challenges in matching power supply with booming demand. All of these problems spell opportunity for the smart grid industry. After years of stalled-out attempts to drive investment into grid transformation, Indiarsquos central government is now in the midst of its Restructured Accelerated Power Development and Reform Programme, ornbspR-APDRP, which is directing roughly 10 billion over the coming years to grid modernization.nbsp But Indiarsquosnbspsmart grid efforts likely wonrsquot play out like those wersquove seen in Europe and North America. Specifically, the failures of Indiarsquos previous grid renovation projects have driven todayrsquos R-APDRP program to start with systems to diagnose distribution gridnbsplosses in cities and towns across the country, along with proven progress in lowering those losses, before bigger investments can go forward. In other words, big deploymentsnbspof smart meters, distribution automation systems and other smart grid gear wonrsquot get funding until that critical benchmarking and diagnosis framework is in place. That means that India could see a much bigger upfront role for the kind of system integration and data analysis work that many U.S. and European utilities are just now starting to add to their multi-million-dollar AMI and DA deployments Those projects are already underway. In January, IndiarsquosnbspMinistry of Power named fourteen smart grid projects, combining smart meter deployments and implementation of outage managementnbspand peak load management (i.e. demand response), as being eligible for 100 million in funding. Earlier this month, one of these projects, a 1,400-meter deployment in the state of Puducherry, was given thenbspgo-ahead to expand to 87,000 meters.br / br /
COMPONENTS OF SMART GRIDbr /
1.Transmission Automationbr /
2.Distribution Automationbr /
3.Renewable Integrationbr /
4.Demand Participationbr /
5.Small appliances / PVEV/ Storagebr /
6.Distributed Generation amp Storagebr /
7.Energy Efficiencybr /
8.System operationbr / br /
LATEST TECHNOLOGY TO BE USED FOR SMART GRIDbr / span classtab/span1) Use of Superconductors for transmission lines, Transformers, Generators, HT Cables Generators, HT Cables ndash Nano materials going to play a major role. 2) The sophisticated revenue models they will employ to shape customers behavior. 3) Easy to install, low install, low--cost sensors to measure energy use wi cost sensors to measure energy use with high the high resolution 4) Networked power…