Smoking psycology concern Essay

Submitted By marua2013
Words: 391
Pages: 2

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Like all addictive substances, the amount of exposure required to become dependent on nicotine can vary from person to person. Smoking (Wikipedia) Psychology

The prevalence of comorbid depression and cigarette smoking has been well-established; as one recent study found that about 50% of individuals aged 20–39 who experience depression also smoke cigarettes (Pratt & Brody, 2010). Research has suggested that smokers experiencing high levels of negative affect/depressive symptoms may differ in their motives for smoking from those low in negative affect/depressive symptoms (Copeland, Brandon, & Quinn, 1995; Friedman-Wheeler, Ahrens, Haaga, McIntosh, & Thorndike, 2007; Johnson et al., 2008; McChargue, Spring, Cook, & Neumann, 2004). (The relationship between depression level and smoking motives in college smokers.) Broward College Databases. Low self-esteem Several lines of evidence suggest that restriction of valued activities may impact smoking. First, low levels of engagement in valued activities, restriction of valued activities due to physical condition, and the inability to find replacements for restricted valued activities have all been linked to depressed mood. Valued Life Activities and Readiness to Quit Smoking among Mobility-Impaired Smokers. Broward College Databases By: Andrew M. Busch Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, Program in Nicotine and Tobacco, Alpert Medical School of Brown University. Living in a laziness, or lack of any activities.
Second, behavioral activation (BA), a counseling treatment that explicitly aims to increase engagement in valued life activities through guided goal setting in order to increase contact with positive reinforcement, has shown promise for facilitating smoking cessation. Valued Life Activities and Readiness to Quit Smoking among Mobility-Impaired Smokers. Broward College Databases By: Andrew M. Busch Program in…