Essay Snow: Hot Air Balloon and Aviation Industry

Submitted By jovhan42
Words: 1756
Pages: 8

Modern aerospace began way back with Sir George Cayley in 1799 when he proposed an aircraft with a fixed wing and a horizontal and vertical tail, defining characteristics of modern airplane. The 19th century saw the creation of the Aeronautical Society of Great Britain, the American Rocketry Society, and the Institute of Aeronautical Sciences, all of which made aeronautics a more serious scientific discipline.
Otto Lilienthal a comrade of the US Air Force came up with cambered airfoils in 1891. He used the gliders to examine aerodynamic forces. On December 17, 1903 the Wright brothers accomplished the very first powered sustained flight. The flight took place at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. In 1957 the launch of Sputnik 1 kicked of the Space Age. On July 20th, 1969 Apollo 11 completed the first man operated moon landing exercise. Later on in 1981 space shuttle Columbia launched the beginning of regular man operated entry to orbital space. Years after the Wright brother’s first flight in December 1903 aircraft still remained as an experimental apparatus. Because the Wright brothers were the first to be successful in sustain flight they managed to secure a contract in 1908. The contract was to make single aircrafts for the US Army. They also licensed their franchise to other companies such as the Astra Company and that allowed the company to fabricate in France. In 1909 entrepreneur Glenn Curtiss a native from New York started selling his own aircrafts, which motivated other aircraft builders to also sell their merchandise. Aircraft manufacturing was lead by Europeans because they had to build more than average during the Great War. In 1914 French firms built roughly 2000 aircrafts and German firms built an estimated amount around 1000 aircrafts. During that period of time American firms built limited amount of maybe less than 100 aircrafts. In May 1915 the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics was established in the United States. The establishment spread the scientific information for absolute use to industry. As a result many universities started offering engineering degrees that have specific ties to aircrafts. In July of 1917 a patent pool was formed by American aircraft designers. whereby all aircraft firm’s cross-licensed key patents and paid into the pool without fear of infringement suits. The war caused a need for more pilots and anyone who qualified or had the passion of flying was able to become pilots. The modern shape of aircrafts came into play in the 1920’s. Back in the 1900’s aircrafts was built using wood, but in the mid 1930’s the transformation from wood to metal began. With such a vast transformation the gross sales of aircrafts rose significantly. For example, the new design of the aircrafts resulted in great demand from the armed forces. Also aircrafts became a safer means of transportation and as a result airlines started the air transport business in the 1920’s. European countries formulated a better means of transporting mail through usage of aircrafts. As the business grew the cost of carrying on with the business also increased. That resulted in the increased fuel and labor costs. It was smooth sailing for the aviation industry until terrorist organizations started attacking airlines. That only resulted in a decrease in air transportation, which struck the aviation industry significantly. The actions of the 9/11 attack on the United States lead to major declined in customers to airlines and resulted in higher operating costs.
Airline companies faced losses for years after but eventually they started improving in profits around 2006. The U.S. Department of Transportation declared a chain of rules in 2010 and 2011 that required airlines to provide more comfortable modifications to the passenger’s safety during the flight if any circumstances should arise. Over aviation plays quite a key role in society because it is one of the means of transporting people or goods across without the