Being a minority I am often asked by friends, family and even strangers what it's like to be a heterosexual, how it feels to be a minority in a society which advocates freedom and egalitarian. The answer is that it is not easy. I try to write something to share these years my feelings, perception and how I strived in society dominated by majority. First, as a heterosexual I do feel like I am automatically divided to a minority, and it seems true of all heterosexual almost everywhere in the world. About ten percent of New Zealand population is heterosexual. The views of heterosexuals are commonly as abnormality and dislike. Since I was 15 years old, I have known I was different from other students around me. Unlike other girls, I did not feel sexually attracted by same genders and I had nothing common topics with them. By contrast, I started to have sexual feelings towards people of different genders. Every time when I talk to boys, I felt my heart beat fast and my face flushed. I started searching information about sex orientation via internet resources, then I realized that I was in a category called heterosexual. At the beginning of carrying this feeling, I dreaded and I managed to deny this fact. Brooks (1981) explained that this feeling comes from minority stress which is related with an inferior status to dominant values experienced by minority group. I decided to hide this secret in my heart because I did not want to be rejected by society. In fact, according Roesler and Deisher’s (1972) research, many heterosexuals hide their sexual identity because of the same fear as me. I started to avoid connection with peers and teachers as much as I could. Every time when I was at home, I felt deep guilty towards my family. There were times that I was going to tell my family, but whenever I made mention of anything related with heterosexual, I heard all about negative attitude. How could I let my family down? So I swallowed those feelings up again. That was a tough time in my life. I still can remember the feelings that I often woke up with nightmares, scared and depressive in midnight. Living by this way lasted around three years, and I was extremely lonely during that period as I never got help for my hopelessness and depression. There were persisting thought that I wish I could openly love and have sex with a boy. I could not get rid of this thought and I had no way to relieve my pain until I learned to smoke and drink alcohol from street girls. In a psychological study, Safren and Heimberg’s (1999) reported that sexual minority have high risk experiencing negative mental outcomes and substance use because of the stigmatization and discrimination towards sexual orientation. The worst time was happen when I was 18 in high school. I could not stop falling in love with a boy. We privately met together. We were happy but not for long. We were found by classmates one day when we held hands. Suddenly the news about us exploded all over the school. After being exposure, I felt extremely insecure and feared to go to school. Whenever I walked at school, some students always followed close, laughing and mocking at me. My friend began avoiding me. When I sat in classes, nobody would like to near me. Even worse, a bunch of girls threw stones to me. They called me ‘disgusting’ and the pollution of pure school. And then, of course, the school headmaster talked to me. He said there had zero toleration about my behaviour, and he decided to tell it to my parent. I was desperate and that moment I wished I could die, then I would not suffer anymore. I so cared about my family and then I did not know what they were going to react. I still clearly remembered that it was one o’clock in the morning, I was sitting at stairs, listening to my parent’s arguing. They were in pain about my sexual orientation. They thought something was wrong with me and they wanted to take me to see a
Attempts to use social norms marketing to change behaviour have had mixed success. Drawing on empirical research and psychological theory discuss when and how social norms marketing has been successful (or not) in changing behaviour.
"A norm is like any other psychological phenomena, a construct that has widerspread use age because it helps describe and explain human behaviour" Cialdini & Trost (1998: 151).
'Social norms are rules and standards that are understood by members of a group, they…
* Deviation from social norms
* Behaviour that is undesirable and deviates from that expected by the majority of society could be called abnormal
* For example, people who neglect their personal appearance, people who do not observe the expected code of dress and people who behave aggressively towards total strangers without any reason
* Desirable behavior changes with time and culture
* Desirable behavior depends on the situation
* Deviant (criminal) behavior…
Breaking the Social Norm
Norms are defined as “laws that govern societies behaviors,” keeping unspoken order and maintaining unwritten standards. Norms range from eating with the proper utensils and wearing gender appropriate clothes, to not committing murder or being sexually promiscuous. I choose to violate the norm of common curtsey at the dining table. By making noises while people were eating, my goal was to see how they would react, bot verbally and none verbally.
Another folkway norm in Western…
Breaching a Social Norm
The social norm I plan on violating is a pregnant woman being served and consuming an alcoholic beverage in a local bar. I believe the majority of our society would be appalled by a woman drinking and putting her own personal needs and desires before the needs of her unborn child. This social norm exists because we feel as a society that a mother should…
Discuss the similarities and differences between any TWO societies. In your answer, make reference to the role of cultures, norms, values and inequality in social organization.
There are many similarities and differences between the cultures of Japan and Britain, this essay will look at some of these including religion, education, norms, values and inequalities in their social organizations. According to Google’s public data there are 127, 817, 277 people living in Japan compared to 62, 641, 000…
We live in a world where when social norms are broken, you are considered to be ‘weird,’ ‘not normal,’ or ‘different’. But what is a social norm and how do we obey or disobey them in our everyday lives?
Social norms are the behavioral expectations and cues within a society or a group. This sociological term has been defined also as the rules that a group uses for appropriate and inappropriate values, beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors.
Some basic social norms we abide by everyday without even…
The term social construction was introduced into the workplace and was strongly influenced by the work of Alfred Schutz ... The main idea of The Social Construction of Reality is that people and groups who co-existit in an organization can develop, over time, beliefs or mental perceptions of each other's actions, and that these ideas become adapted into reverse roles . When workers are exposed to each other and duplicate each action this is called Institutionalism, . Therefore, when reality becomes…
Norms and values
Norms are the social and cultural guidelines by which we live our lives and both knowingly and unknowingly conform and comply too during our life time. Out norms are key attributes that define our behaviors and can determine the groups and individuals social acceptance or non-acceptance. We learn how to behave through a complex combination of stimulus visual, Oral and Sensory. As we grow in our mental maturity and awareness the influence of family…
the people that make them up
2. Therefore we can treat society “like” like a thing so that Society can be studied scientifically – 1st person to make this observation
3. Came up with the name “Sociology”; originally he wanted to call it “social physics”
4. Science would be the new religion
1859 the only date you have to know in this course.
On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin is published in this year. In this work Darwin presented his theory…