Social Psychology * Social Cognition * Impression Formation * Social schema** * Attribution * Fundamental Attribution** * Defense Attribution** * Just World Attribution * Mistaken belief that bad things happen to bad people * Why do we do this? –Helps us feel safer and better about ourselves, we always ask what they did wrong, bad things do still happen to good people * Persuasion * Trying to change your attitudes * Factors in persuasion: * Source of message- who is doing the persuading? We are more likely to be persuaded, if we think the source is an expert and if the source is trustworthy * Receiver of the message-us, Our intelligence and mood play a role in if we get persuaded * Message itself, If the message addresses the competition, that will persuade us more than if it wasn’t mentioned * Prejudice & Discrimination * Prejudice= attitudes, Discrimination= Actions, You can have one without the other * Sources of Prejudice * Frustration-Aggression Theory- When we get frustrated, we tend to get aggression, when we feel financial/economic frustration-makes us feel the most aggressive * Authoritarian Personality- One of those people who always think they are right no matter what, at times they are able to get people to follow them * Cognitive Over-Simplifications- Saying that you are thinking too simply about the situation, haven’t considered all of the evidence or facts, If one person does it-then all must (Women drivers) * Reducing Prejudice & Discrimination * Try to make sure groups have equal status (All have equal time to talk, ect.) * Making sure people with different groups have one-to-one contact with each other * Make sure people have a chance to work together towards a common goal * Social Influence * Process by which individuals or groups affect our attitudes * Cultural Influence * How we are most influenced * What is culture? * Cultural Norms- shared ideas about how to behave * Conformity * Conflict between individual and group; resolved by individual yielding * Talking about conformity, talking about unwritten/unspoken rules/social norms * Ex: Hand washing study-Went to public restrooms and averaged how many people washed your hands when they thought no one was watching- 16%, when they knew someone was with them- 92%, big example of conformity * Ex: Asch’s conformity studies- Getting groups of people that know what is going on and then have a couple people who have no clue. Everyone saying one thing, will they conform? 70% of people did * Compliance * Changing your behavior after an explicit request, spoken out loud and adds pressure on your action * Ex: “Can you hold the elevator? Can you loan my $5? Will you not smoke in here?” * Ex: Zimbardo’s prison study-If he asks subjects something, would they do it, acting either like prisoners or prison guards- they complied more than no one ever expected, had to call it off early * Obedience * Following direct commands (Most powerful form of social influence) * Ex: Milgram’s obedience study- would people obey Milgram when ordered to keep shocking someone or would they stop
You don’t deal with him because you have no knowledge about Psychology. What is psychology? How do people study psychology?” (Allen).
Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior. It has major schools of thought which are structuralism, functionalism, psychodynamic, behaviorism, cognitive, and social cultural. In addition, there are primary biological foundations of psychology linked to behavior.
The first school of Psychology is Structuralism. Structuralism was formally set up by Wilhelm…
In the study of psychology, people are examined and tested on to determine why they do the things that they do. Sarah is a 15-year-old sophomore in high school. She is a well-behaved girl with good grades and takes mostly honor’s classes. As the school year begins, Sarah makes new friends and is looking forward to spending time with them on their first night going out together. As always, Sarah is aware of her curfew and has never broken it before. As the night comes to an…
Social Psychology is explained specifically in this reading through many examples. It describes the way an individual’s behavior is influenced by others and how their own personalities can influence other people. Sarah’s behavior is influenced by her parents and her friends. Both roles play a factor in the decisions that she makes while with her friends and her family. Sarah has many different schemas involving her…
PSYC 221 - Social Psychology
PSYC 221 Sections 0101 & 0201 – University of Maryland – Fall 2012
WHAT IS SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY AND WHAT DO SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGISTS DO?
Social psychology is the scientific study of how people’s thoughts, feelings and behavior are influenced by
the actual, imagined, or implied presence of other people (Allport, 1985). In other words, Social
Psychologists try to understand the mental processes that determine how we think about ourselves and
other people and how those other people…
Principles of Social Psychology
October 14, 2012
Principles of Social Psychology
Social psychology is the understanding of an individual’s behavior in a social context. It is the scientific field that focuses on the nature and causes of that individual’s behavior in social situations. It looks at the human behavior that has been influenced by others and in the social context with which it occurred. Social psychology pays attention…
Social Psychology Paper
Kelli R. Sumpter
January 19, 2014
University of Phoenix
Social Psychology Paper
Social psychology is knowledge to have. This knowledge can explain why people behave the way they do in different settings such as social settings, work settings, and home settings. When using this knowledge to look into teenagers actions, it can explain actions in adolescences. Looking at Sarah’s actions, one…
Homework Chapter 9
1. Give two reasons for why we prefer company than being alone.
Need for affiliation is a desire to establish social contact with others. Affiliating can satisfy us, as others provide energy, attention, stimulation, information and emotional support. People need other people- to celebrate with, share news with, commiserate with, talk to, learn from and not feel lonely.
Another condition that strongly arouses our need for affiliation is stress (only when…
Social Psychology Paper
There are several factors that contributed towards Sarah’s attitude regarding her curfew. The main factor that contributed to Sarah’s attitude towards her curfew was social cognition. Sarah was experiencing what is considered her teenage “rite of passage”, which can be described as whether or not she should lie to her parents concerning her location. The friends she met kept telling Sarah that the party was going to be very fun, and seeing that Sarah had never been to a party…
How people influence one another
We have a bio need for social interaction
Social isolation activates areas of cingulate cortex (also associated w/ physical pain)
We seek to conform to a group (evolutionarily)
The presence of others enhances our performance 1897 – 1st social psych experiment – bicyclist’s bike faster when racing others rather than the clock
Presence of others worsens performance (usually when task is difficult
1) The point is to explain why experiments are used in social psychology. People are unaware of why they act in a certain way or change beliefs in one direction or another. He found that “nearly perfect” people become more attractive after they commit a blunder, while ordinary people become less attractive after committing the same blunder.
2) The experiment conducted used three different initiation processes from sever initiation to no initiation at all. They believed that people who expended greater…