Socialization: Social Psychology and Normative Social Influence Essay

Submitted By kararae
Words: 734
Pages: 3

Socialization
PSY/201

There are many influences that affect a person's behavior. "Belonging, understanding, controlling, enhancing self, and trusting are five core social motives"(Carter & Seifort,2013,p.618). People are motivated to be accepted and have the power of situations. Groups formed are by people with common interests and beliefs. When entering a group a person wants to be trusted and to be perceived as worthy. These core motives may change a person's behavior, so they fit into the group. Attitude is a person's affects, behaviors, and cognition. Affects are a persons emotions, behaviors are actions, and cognition's are thoughts. When these three are in sync, it is easy to understand the person's motivation. For example Mandy doesn't like breakfast in the morning because it makes her nauseous, so she doesn't eat in the morning. Then comes conflict that is "disruption of usual correspondence among elements"(Carter & Seifort,2013). Now if Mandy's kids make her breakfast in the morning, she will likely eat it. The cognitive dissonance theory states that "A person may change their ideas or behaviors to decrease the discomfort of two or more conflicting ideas"(Carter & Seifort,2013). Culture may have a huge impact on the persons attitude. People tend to have strong attitudes towards the things that their culture does. If a person lives in a Christian community, more than likely they will have a strong attitude about the Christian way of life. Affects, Behavior, cognition's, and culture are all major participants to a person's attitude. Prejudice has three major components: affective, behavioral, and cognitive (Carter & Seifort,2013). A person's prejudice will determine who they are most likely to socialize. They will be in groups that have the same attitudes as them. "Prejudicial affects, behaviors, and beliefs can be strongly resistant to change"(Carter & Seifort,2013,p.630). Aggression is the words or physical acts that cause harm. Instrumental and hostile are two forms of aggression. "Instrumental aggression is used to obtain something while hostile is a desire to inflict pain"(Carter & Seifort,2013,p.630-631). Testosterone is a chemical that is associated with aggressive behavior(Carter & Seifort,2013). In recent studies, serotonin has been associated with aggression. "Damage to the limbic system can produce aggression even if the person isn't threatened"(Carter & Seifort,2013,p.631). Aggression is also impacted by psychological factors and the media. Observational learning is one way a person learns aggressive behavior. Banduras experiment consisted of an adult, inflatable doll, and a group of children that watched and a group that didn't. The adult plays in a room with the doll as one group of children watch him hit, kick, and toss the doll. When both groups of children were set free to play the group that had watched the adults aggressive behavior played more…