a. What is the general population trend in the European Union?
b. Is the picture different in different parts of Europe? If so, explain.
According to the EU report “The impact of European demographic trends on regional and urban development", in Europe there is an "aged" population, because the fertility rate is very low, which means that there are very few births. In addition, there is a growth life expectancy, which means that people live more years than in the past. By joining the low fertility rate and growth life expectancy, there is as a result a more aged population: number of older people higher than number of births.
Although there are differences between all the countries of Europe, this situation is widespread across the continent.
Usually a low fertility rate rate implies a decrease of the population, but this is prevented by the above named "grow life expectancy" and migration, which is that foreigners come to live to Europe.
Fertility rate could increase, but life expectancy is continuosly increasing, so the european tendence will be, even though, aged population.
c. Analyze the effects of migration on European demography.
d. Is the crisis of influence on population growth/decrease? How?
According to this document, migration has a very important role on Eropean demography. Foreign people who come to live to Europe, togther with growth life expectancy, help to not a decreasing population. This people also helps to the active work people.
There are also European people who go away to work, because so many times they don´t find a job in their own countries. Sometimes people who go away are intelligent people,…