This debate over slavery was the most divisive issue of my era. While southerners spoke loudly in support of slavery, the abolitionist movement grew from a small faction in the 1820s to a powerful social and political movement by the 1840s and 1850s. Though the abolitionists opposed slavery, they by no means advocated racial equality—most of them wanted only gradual emancipation or even resettlement of blacks in Africa. I was ready for slavery to all be over and done with.
With tensions heating up between the south and the north here comes along the Compromise of 1850. There were five components to this Compromise of 1850. First, California would be admitted as a free state. Second, popular sovereignty would determine the fate of the other western territories. Third, Congress would cancel some of Texas’s debts and, in exchange; give some of Texas’s western land to New Mexico Territory. Fourth, slave trading would be banned in Washington, D.C. Finally, Congress would pass a tougher Fugitive Slave Law, to reduce the number of slaves who escaped to the North and Canada every year. Although Southerners had not conceded a lot in making the bargain, Northerners were still offended by the new law, and many refused to obey it. I didn’t like the law either yet my fellow southerners were all for slavery but a minus was most of our state would be taken away for unpaid debt. The Compromise of 1850 did not lead to the Civil War. It actually postponed it of happening. In short, they all passed and the Union stayed together long enough for the North to get many of the advantages it had during the Civil War. Many people will actually say that this compromise lead to the north achieving victory in the Civil War. This would be the only reason I could agree with the compromise. The reason that would have sparked me to go to war immediately was the part in the Compromise that was the Fugitive