North Korea was officially called the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, is a country in the northern part of the Korean peninsula. North Korea is next to China, Russia, and South Korea. The capital city of North Korea is Pyŏngyang, which is also the largest city. North Korea was founded in 1948 after it had been freed from Japanese occupation, but the southern half of the country is currently occuppied by the United States. At first there was a war between the armies of the North and South in what is called the Korean War, but the fighting stopped in 1953 while the war never fully ended. Afterwards, North Korea was friendly with China and Russia but never was formally allied with either and became more isolated over time. While the South went from one military dictatorship to another, the North went through steady development and was ahead of the South until the 1980s when the South became more democratic. Soon afterwards, the North's main trading partners collapsed leaving it stranded and isolated. Throughout the 1990s, North Korea suffered from famines and natural disasters. Afterwards, things stabilized but continued to lag behind the South. The country is organized along socialist lines, as all workplaces are public property and function along a universal plan. This is because the founders of North Korea were inspired by the ideas of communism. But as time went on, North Korea became more conservative and nationalist, and had less in common with other countries aiming for communism. To justify these differences, the country's leader Kim Il-sung said that the government was following his own ideology of "Juche", which means "self-reliance". Later on, the country's leaders began to remove "communism" from North Korean laws and philosophy. After Kim Il-sung died during the disasters of the 1990s, his son Kim Jong-il took his place and was promoted by the government as the leader who led North Korea out of the disasters. Kim Jong-il enacted a new policy of "Songun", or "military-first", which turned the country into a military state. When he died in 2011, his youngest son Kim Jong-un took his place and continues to lead the country today. People often think that North Korea is a communist country. It is actually a socialist-military dictatorship. In its most recent constitutional change, references to communism were removed. Large pictures of Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin were removed from Kim Il-Sung square in 2012. The government has a similar structure to the former Soviet Union (USSR), once a close ally, but it is very different from the USSR. Leaders of the USSR were elected by a group of government officials. In North Korea, the new leader is the current leader's male heir. For this reason, North Korea is often referred to as a hereditary dictatorship. Even though the Demilitarized Zone is meant to stop problems between the two countries, sometimes soldiers on both sides of the border fire their guns at each other. A special town in the zone, Panmunjom, is called the Joint Security Area, or JSA, and sometimes the leaders of both countries meet there to talk about possibly coming back together. North Korea is one of the few countries in the world that has made nuclear bombs that can kill many people if it is exploded. North Korea will not say how many bombs it has, but other countries think that the North Korean government probably has built ten bombs so far out of a deadly element called plutonium. In October 2006, North Korea said that it tested one of its nuclear bombs. Although the North Korean government said that the test was not dangerous, many other countries and the United Nations were nonetheless enraged. Three years later in 2009, North Korea did another test, which broke a United Nations law called Resolution 1718, which said North Korea could not keep building and testing nuclear bombs. In 2010, a South Korean warship sank, killing over 40 soldiers. An international investigation concluded that
Surrounded by the giants of Japan, China, and Russian, the Korean peninsula has always been known as the “shrimp amongst whales (Shim, 2009).” Learning to live and survive in such a dangerous neighborhood, South Korean people have persevered through patience, flexibility, and time-tested resilience to maintain a distinct political and cultural identity. Its history includes a longstanding relationship with China, as they willingly accepted Chinese customs and culture, followed by Japanese colonialism…
steppe empire on its northern border. (2) Conventional histories usually follow the storyline of the Ming going from expansionist empire to an opulent but lethargic bureaucracy that suffered a pyrrhic (and ultimately fatal) victory in the Sino-Japanese-Korean War of 1592-1598. To most Westerners, the Ming remains that last exotic power before the “Western Imperialists” began showing the flag; when China’s fate was determined by the Chinese. Power and wealth was synonymous with the Ming; (as it is today…
agreement on indochina of april 26, - july 21, 1954.
38th Parallel – the latitudinal line that approximately forms the boundary between north korea and south korea.
Yalu River – river in eastern asia; rises in North Korea and flows southwest to Korea Bay. also, a battle in the Korean War (nov 1950).
Ngo Dinh Diem – The First president of South Vietnam. Significant as he took control after the Battle of Dren Bren Phu
Tet Offensive – an offensive launched in january-february 1968 by the vietcong…
connection that makes a believable alibi
Commission of illegal or embarrassing acts occur
During Korean War + Columbia
Canada very cautious in getting involved- Louis st. Laurent very careful
Wanted to support United Nations
Offered token force of 3 light cruisers + Air Force transports
After Chinese got involved, Canadians did a little bit more
Decided not to only defeat n. Koreans- also attack into China
Way beyond mandate and scope of what UN wanted
Chinese got involved in war- Canada…
power. The group comes from the Pashtun ethnic group, which lives in a broad swathe from southern Afghanistan across the Durand Line into Pakistan. They quickly overcame smaller armed groups, and they had a certain ideological appeal in the country's south, but most of all they had a strong influx of foreign manpower from Pakistan. By 1996, they had conquered the capital Kabul. They were brutal and not popular, and Afghans (especially non-Pashtuns) have still not forgotten how the rest of the world did…
United States had six million in the Army; 3,400,000 in the Navy; 2,400,000 in the Army air forces; 484,000 in the Marine Corps; and 170,000 in the Coast Guard. In 1939, the United States had about 2,500 airplanes and 760 warships. By 1945, it had about 80,000 airplanes and 2,500 warships. The United States used draft laws to build their armed forces. The United States Selective Service Act became law on September 16, 1940. Thousands of women served in the Army`s Women`s Army Corps (WAC) and Navy equivalent…
that the operation would draw the US Navy's carriers into battle so that they could be destroyed. To accomplish these missions, three Japanese fleets sortied from Rabaul in April 1942.
While one moved towards Tulagi in the Solomons, another sailed south towards the main Allied base on New Guinea, Port Moresby. These invasion forces were screened by Vice Admiral Takeo Takagi's covering force centered around the carriers Shokaku and Zuikaku and the light carrier Shoho. Arriving at Tulagi on May 3, Japanese…
stores. The USO gives soldiers a place to talk, dance, see movies, or write letters home. Bob Hope is the most famous member of touring USO shows. During his career, he brought laughter to millions of homesick soldiers fighting in World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War.
Popular movies this year: "Citizen Kane," "How Green was My Valley," "Sergeant York," "The Maltese Falcon," "Dumbo." Popular comic book characters: Wonder Woman, Superman, Batman, Pogo, and Sad Sack. The year's most popular…
Jefferson founds the University of Virginia
Missouri and Maine admitted to Union
James Monroe is re-elected
Cohens vs. Virginia
Vesey slave conspiracy in Charleston, South Carolina
Secretary Adams proposes Monroe Doctrine
Mexico opens Texas to American settlers
Russia stops colonial advances
Lack of electoral majority for presidency throws election…
japanese fought for every single inch and would not surrender. They believed that the Americans were going to eat them. Many killed themselves instead of surrendering.
OPERATION TEN-GO - last major japanese naval operation. Yamato including 9 other warships were sent to destroys U.S ships but Americans intercepted it.
Battle of Okinawa - "Typhoon of Steel" Lasted 82 days (April-July 1945) Bloody war, only has oral history. Okinawa's are very tiny people and live to be 120yrs. 100,00 died because…